ELECTIONS HELD IN 1991
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|31 March 1991
7 April 1991
14 April 1991
|Elections were held for all the seats in Parliament on the normal expiry of the members’ term of office.|
|The 1991 general elections were the first free and multiparty ones in Albania since World War II. The polling was preceded by electoral law changes in November/December 1990 which cleared the way for multiple candidatures per constituency and the legalization of political parties. The latter development consequently ended the monopoly of the ruling communist Party of Labour of Albania (PLA).
Originally set for 10 February 1991, the election date was later postponed at the request of opposition parties headed by the Democratic Party (DP). The country’s economic ills entailing such problems as food and housing shortages or outdated factories were at the centre of the campaign debate. While both major parties acknowledged that progress would only prove possible through a market economy buttressed by massive foreign aid, they differed on the pace and scope of proposed changes, the DP advocating rapid privatisation of property and the break-up of agricultural collectives. Altogether over 1,000 candidates from 11 parties or political movements, as well as a score of independents, contested the 250 parliamentary seats.
Voting was monitored by foreign observers, who characterized the process as generally free and fair. PLA was highly successful in rural areas, whereas DP, led by Dr. Sali Berisha, topped the urban results. News of PLA’s large overall win ignited violence in various cities. Nineteen seats remained to be filled after the first round (31 March). Final results gave the PLA a two-thirds majority. A total of 226 Deputies were newcomers to Parliament.
Under the terms of the interim Constitution adopted on 29 April 1991, the people’s Assembly held an election for the new post of President of the Republic the next day. The incumbent Head of State and PLA leader Ramiz Alia was chosen. Before the elections, Mr. Alia - who in fact lost his Deputy’s seat to DP - had advocated a pluralist governing coalition regardless of the polling outcome. On 12 June, the Assembly confirmed a non-partisan caretaker Cabinet led by interim Prime Minister Ylli Bufi. This Cabinet was to remain in office until the new national elections tentatively set for mid-1992.
|Round no 1: Elections results|
|Number of registered electors||1,984,933|
|Round no 1: Distribution of votes|
|Party of Labour of Albania (PLA)*||56.17|
|Democratic Party (DP)||38.71|
|Committee of Veterans||0.28|
|Round no 1: Distribution of seats|
|Party of Labour of Albania (PLA)*||169|
|Democratic Party (DP)||75|
|Committee of Veterans||1|
|* Renamed the Albanian Socialist Party on 12 June 1991.|
|Distribution of seats according to sex:|
|Distribution of seats according to age:|
|Over 60 years||4|
|Lawyers and journalists||14|
Copyright © 1991 Inter-Parliamentary Union