ELECTIONS HELD IN 1990
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|7 October 1990|
|Elections were held for all the seats in the National Council following premature dissolution of this body. The Council’s term would normally have expired in December 1990; previous general elections had been held on 23 November 1986.|
|The 1990 general elections were slightly premature. Dissolution of the National Council was approved on 5 July 1990.
As the previous (1986) poll, the main contenders for the 183 National Council seats were the ruling Socialist Party (SPÖ), the conservative People’s Party (ÖVP) and the right-wing Freedom Party (FPÖ). The ÖVP, headed by Mr. Josef Riegler, was the partner in the outgoing Government coalition led by Chancellor Franz Vranitzky (SPÖ).
During the campaign, debate focused largely on domestic issues and mutual accusations between the parties. The Socialists - in power since 1970 - had been hurt by a series of corruption scandals; they centred their campaign on the personality of the Chancellor. Mr. Jörg Haider, the populist head of the FPÖ, campaigned strongly against immigration, especially from Eastern Europe; he characterized the two coalition partners as “old parties devoid of new ideas”.
Voting results left the SPÖ as the largest single party as the runner-up ÖVP lost 17 seats - its worst score in decades; the FPÖ, however, nearly doubled its representation to arrive at 33. As four years earlier, the outcome once again reflected the electorate’s shift to the right side of the political spectrum.
On 9 October, President of the Republic Kurt Waldheim asked Mr. Vranitzky to form a new Government. On 17 December, the latter was sworn in as Federal Chancellor at the head, once again, of a “grand coalition” of the SPÖ and the ÖVP.
|Round no 1 (7 October 1990): Elections results|
|Number of registered electors||5,628,912|
|Blank or invalid ballot papers||143,847|
|Round no 1: Distribution of votes|
|Socialist Party (SPÖ)||183||2,012,787||41.51|
|People’s Party (ÖVP)||183||1,508,600||31.11|
|Freedom Party (FPÖ)||183||782,648||16.14|
|Communist Party (KPÖ)||183||25,685||0.52|
|Round no 1: Distribution of seats|
|Socialist Party (SPÖ)||80||=|
|People’s Party (ÖVP)||60||-17|
|Freedom Party (FPÖ)||33||+15|
|Communist Party (KPÖ)||0||=|
|Distribution of seats according to sex:|
|Distribution of seats according to age:|
|Under 30 years||4|
|31 - 40 years||32|
|41 - 50 years||77|
|51 - 60 years||59|
|Over 60 years and above||11|
|Public civil service||64|
|Employees of social security institutions, trade unions, political parties||39|
|Industry & trade||29|
|Commerce & traffic||20|
|Farming & forestry||13|
Copyright © 1990 Inter-Parliamentary Union