ELECTIONS HELD IN 1993
<<< Return to the Historical Archive page of parliamentary election results for CANADA <<<
|House of Commons|
|25 October 1993|
|Elections were held for all the seats of the House of Commons on the normal expiry of their term of office.|
|The election date was announced on 8 September 1993 by Prime Minister Kim Campbell (Progressive Conservative Party – PCP), one day after Parliament was dissolved.
The 47-day electoral campaign focused on issues directly related to the economy: job creation, the national debt and deficit, and the shape and future of social programs. In contrast to the previous election (November 1988) the issue of international trade received only passing attention. Canadians appear to have been principally concerned with job creation, the issue on which the opposition Liberal Party under its leader Jean Chrétien focused its campaign in light of the country’s unemployment rate of 11.2%. Altogether, the election was contested by 14 registered parties and a total of 2,155 candidates (including 278 women), record numbers in both cases. There was also an unprecedented number of registered voters.
After nine years in office, the Conservatives, led by Ms. Campbell (who had succeeded Mr. Brian Mulroney a Prime Minister in June 1993), had developed a record that had disenchanted many voters. In light of their main opponents’ difficulties, the Liberals had only to conduct a careful, well-managed campaign that spoke to the leading concerns of Canadian voters. The party succeeded in doing this and was rewarded with a 177-seat majority while the Conservatives suffered an enormous defeat, winning only two seats. The New Democratic Party under leader Audrey McLaughlin was reduced to nine seats. Neither the Progressive Conservatives nor the New Democratic Party won enough seats (12) to obtain official party status in the House of Commons.
The real story of this election was the success of two relatively new parties, the Reform Party and the Bloc Québécois (BQ). Led by Mr. Preston Manning, the former campaigned on a platform of fiscal conservatism, restoring integrity to government, and reforms to the electoral and parliamentary systems. These themes helped the party attract 19% of the popular vote and win 52 seats, most of them in the western provinces. In many constituencies where the party did not win, it succeeded in splitting the conservative vote, allowing Liberal victories. Led by Mr. Lucien Bouchard, the BQ’s stated goals were to act as a voice for Quebec’s interests at the federal level and to promote sovereignty for the province. The BQ’s strength was another major factor in the defeat of the Conservative Party, which had won 63 seats in the province during the previous election. The overall polling outcome in fact bore out the widespread public disenchantment with established practice, politicians, and governing institutions in Canada. Of the 295 Commons members, 205 were newcomers to the House.
On 4 November, Mr. Chrétien was sworn in as Prime Minister; he appointed 22 Liberal Ministers to the federal Cabinet the same day.
|Round no 1 (25 October 1993): Elections results|
|Number of registered electors||19,472,074|
|Blank or invalid ballot papers||187,122|
|Round no 1: Distribution of votes|
|Bloc Québécois (BQ)||75||1,835,763||13.52|
|New Democratic Party||294||932,880||6.87|
|Progressive Conservative Party (PCP)||295||2,177,984||16.04|
|Round no 1: Distribution of seats|
|Bloc Québécois (BQ)||54||+54|
|New Democratic Party||9||-34|
|Progressive Conservative Party (PCP)||2||-167|
|Plus one independent|
|Distribution of seats according to sex:|
|Distribution of seats according to age:|
|Professors, teachers and educators||68|
|Businessmen and women, industrialists, managers, merchants and owners||57|
|Lawyers, notaries, solicitors and barristers||50|
|Farmers and ranchers||22|
|Politicians at the provincial or municipal level||14|
|Brokers and insurance agents||4|
|Members of the clergy||2|
|Because some members have more than one occupation, total is higher than total membership.|
Copyright © 1993 Inter-Parliamentary Union