CHINA
Parliamentary Chamber: Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui

ELECTIONS HELD IN 1992-1993

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Chamber:
  Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui


Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  September 1992
February 1993


Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the seats in Parliament on the normal expiry of the members’ term of office.


Background and outcome of elections:

  The general elections were held against a background of plans to speed up economic reform and encourage wider opening up to the outside world with a view to ensuring political stability and economic prosperity.

Polling results saw the Communist Party filling 68.4% of the seats (2,037). The minority nationalities returned 436 members. Only 28.8% of Deputies of the former legislature (860) were re-elected.

The first plenary session of the Eighth National People’s Congress (NPC) was held from 15 to 31 March 1993, during which a 134-member Standing Committee was elected. Mr. Qiao Shi was elected its Chairman. The NPC also elected Mr. Jiang Zemin as President of the Republic while Mr. Li Peng was elected as Premier of the State Council (Prime Minister). Among other decisions, the NPC adopted Premier Li Peng’s report on the work of the Government, as well as other reports on the work of various State bodies. Constitutional amendments were also approved.

STATISTICS

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 2,352
Women: 626

Distribution of seats according to age:  
Below 30 years 73
31 - 40 years 253
41 - 50 years 710
51 - 60 years 1,361
61 - 70 years 472
Over 70 years 109


Distribution of seats according to profession:

 
Cadres 842
Intellectuals 649
Democrats and patriots with no party affiliation 572
Workers 332
Peasants 280
Members of the People’s Liberation Army 267
Others (returned overseas Chinese) 36


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Copyright 1992-1993 Inter-Parliamentary Union