DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA
Parliamentary Chamber: Choe Go In Min Hoe Ui

ELECTIONS HELD IN 1998

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Chamber:
  Choe Go In Min Hoe Ui


Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  26 July 1998


Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the seats in Parliament for the first time since April 1990. Polling was three years overdue.


Background and outcome of elections:

  General elections for the Supreme People’s Assembly had previously been held in April 1990. In July 1994, President of the Republic and Great Leader Kim Il Sung died and a period of national mourning was decreed. This ultimately lasted three years and, as a result, legislative polling - due in 1995 - was postponed and finally scheduled for July 1998, the election date being announced on 20 May. In the meantime, the country continued to suffer from a severe economic crisis and widespread food shortages.

As in the past, all parliamentary candidates belonged to the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland, an umbrella political organization whose main component is the communist Workers’ Party. The General Secretary of this party is Kim Jong Il, the late President’s son who is at the same time Chairman of the party’s military commission; he himself stood as an Assembly candidate for one of the constituencies of Pyongyang, the capital.

Voter turnout on polling day was 99.85%, as the electorate overwhelmingly backed the 687 official candidates who had been approved beforehand. Altogether, 443 of these had not been members of the previous legislature.

On 5 September, the newly elected Parliament met and abolished the post of President. It simultaneously made the post of Chairman of the National Defence Committee (held by Kim Jong Il) the highest of the State, and confirmed Mr. Hong Song Nam as Prime Minister.

STATISTICS
Round no 1 (26 July 1998): Elections results  
Voters 99.85%

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland 687

Comments:
  The Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland is comprised of:
  • Workers' Party: 601
  • Social Democratic Party: 52
  • Chondogyo-Chongwu Party: 24
  • Non-party: 10
  • Distribution of seats according to sex:  
    Men: 549
    Women: 138

    Distribution of seats according to age:  
    Under 35 years 13
    36-55 years 333
    Over 55 years 341


    Distribution of seats according to profession:

     
    Manual workers 215
    Farmers 64
    Others 408


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    Copyright 1998 Inter-Parliamentary Union