ELECTIONS HELD IN 1991
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|Eduskunta - Riksdagen|
|17 March 1991|
|Elections were held for all the seats in Parliament on the normal expiry of the members’ term of office.|
|It will be recalled that, following the previous general elections of March 1987, a four-party coalition Government led by the Social Democrats (SDP) and Conservatives (KOK - National Coalition Party) was formed in February 1988, President of the Republic Mauno Koivisto (SDP) was re-elected for six years.
Of the 17 parties competing for the 200 seats, the Centre Party (KESK) headed by Mr. Esko Aho was once again the coalition’s main challenger. Debate during the generally lackluster campaign focused mainly on the deepening economic recession (rising unemployment, lower external trade, inflation) facing the country after years of growth. Finland’s role in the context of European economic integration was a background issue.
On a polling day marked by a relatively low turnout (68%), the electorate’s concern with the economic situation was reflected in the final results, as the opposition KESK gained 15 additional seats and thus became the largest single party in Parliament. Altogether, the outgoing governing partners won 100 seats - a drop of 22. Approximately two-thirds of the members were newcomers to the Eduskunta, and the total of women increased from 63 to 77 - the highest percentage (38.5) among national Parliaments.
Given this overall complex outcome, formation of a new Government took several weeks. On 26 April, a new Cabinet was finally appointed; headed by Prime Minister Erkki Aho of KESK, it also included KOK, the Swedish People’s Party and the Finnish Christian Union.
|Round no 1 (17 March 1991): Elections results|
|Number of registered electors||4,060,778|
|Blank or invalid ballot papers||49,134|
|Round no 1: Distribution of votes|
|Centre Party (KESK)||675,934||24.8|
|Social Democratic Party (SDP)||602,401||22.1|
|National Coalition Party (KOK)||526,040||19.3|
|Left-Wing Alliance (VL)||274,187||10.1|
|Swedish People’s Party (SFP)||159,435||5.5|
|Finnish Rural Party (SMP)||131,868||4.8|
|Finnish Christian Union (SKL)||83,152||3.1|
|Liberal People’s Party (LKP)||21,140||0.8|
|Round no 1: Distribution of seats|
|Centre Party (KESK)||55||+15|
|Social Democratic Party (SDP)||48||-8|
|National Coalition Party (KOK)||40||-13|
|Left-Wing Alliance (VL)||19||-1*|
|Swedish People’s Party (SFP)||12||-1|
|Finnish Rural Party (SMP)||7||-2|
|Finnish Christian Union (SKL)||8||+3|
|Liberal People’s Party (LKP)||1||+1|
|* 1987 figures (20 seats) represent combined total for Finnish People’s Democratic League (SKDL) and Democratic Alternative (DEVA).|
|Distribution of seats according to sex:|
Copyright © 1991 Inter-Parliamentary Union