GAMBIA (THE)
Parliamentary Chamber: House of Representatives

ELECTIONS HELD IN 1992

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Chamber:
  House of Representatives


Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  29 April 1992


Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the elective seats in Parliament on the normal expiry of the members’ term of office. General elections had previously been held in March 1987.


Background and outcome of elections:

  The President of the Republic, Sir Dawda Kairaba Jawara, announced the polling date on 14 February 1992. Three days later, the House of Representatives was dissolved.

A record 130 candidates vied for the 36 directly elected seats, with the ruling People’s Progressive Party (PPP) being the only one to contest all constituencies. It was challenged by four groups, particularly the National Convention Party (NCP), led by Mr. Sheriff Mustapha Dibba. The opposition largely focused its campaign on corruption and mismanagement of the economy by the PPP, but the latter countered by, inter alia, promising to improve the tourism industry as well as the lot of the country’s groundnut farmers, adversely affected by low world prices. President Jawara, who had announced his retirement at the December 1991 PPP congress, subsequently changed his mind and ran for his sixth term since taking office in 1970 (he had been Prime Minister on independence in 1965).

Buttressed by this candidacy in the simultaneous presidential contest, the PPP secured a clear parliamentary victory albeit with a reduced margin, as the NCP advanced to six seats; independents (including former PPP supporters) were for their part successful in three constituencies. Some political observers attributed PPP’s losses to its failure in accelerating the pace of development in the country.

On 11 May, President Jawara, having won over 58% of the popular vote, was sworn in. He announced the composition of his reshuffled Cabinet the next day.

STATISTICS
Round no 1 (29 April 1992): Elections results  
Number of registered electors 400,000 (approx.)
Voters 55.8% (approx.)

Round no 1: Distribution of votes  
Political Group Candidates
People’s Progressive Party (PPP) 36
National Convention Party (NCP) 33
Gambia People’s Party (GPP) 17
Independents 11

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total Gain/Loss
People’s Progressive Party (PPP) 25 -6
National Convention Party (NCP) 6 +1
Gambia People’s Party (GPP) 2 +2
Independents 3 +3

Comments:
  Directly elected members only.

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 47
Women: 4


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Copyright 1992 Inter-Parliamentary Union