GEORGIA
Parliamentary Chamber: Sakartvelos Parlamenti

ELECTIONS HELD IN 1992

<<< Return to the Historical Archive page of parliamentary election results for GEORGIA <<<

Chamber:
  Sakartvelos Parlamenti


Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  11 October 1992


Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the seats in Parliament in the first such poll since independence in April 1991. General elections had previously been held in October/November 1990.


Background and outcome of elections:

  The Republic of Georgia – formerly a constituent member of the USSR – declared its independence in April 1991. At that time, Parliament consisted of the 250-member Supreme Soviet, last elected in October/November 1990. In March 1992, Mr. Eduard Shevardnadze, the former Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR, was designated Chairman of the ruling State Council and later repealed the nationwide state of emergency which had been in force since late 1991.

The Communist Party of Georgia (CPG), which had previously held power, was disbanded in August 1991. As a result, some 36 political parties and alliances, fielding over 4,000 candidates, contested the 1992 elections, whose date had been set by the State Council on 1 May. Polling day took place in generally peaceful conditions, although boycotted by some 9% of the electorate. No contending group gained significant representation in the Supreme Soviet. The largest number of seats was won by the centrist Peace bloc and, in general, liberal elements appeared to have captured the bulk of the seats. In this context, formation of a coalition was expected.

The newly elected Parliament convened for the first time in November 1992 and adopted a decree on state power, whereby supreme executive power was vested in Mr. Shevarnadze as the Supreme Soviet’s elected Chairman (or Head of State), in conjunction with the Council of Ministers, which comprised members of various parties and organizations, including former dissidents. It was generally felt that the most urgent problem of the Shevarnadze administration was the defusing of the inter-ethnic tensions in Georgia’s autonomous territories, especially South Ossetia and Abkhazia*.

Comments:
  * Parliament was suspended in September 1993 for several months

STATISTICS
Round no 1 (11 October 1992): Elections results (single-member districts)*.  
Number of registered electors 3,153,849
Voters 2,537,319 (80.45%)
Round no 1 (11 October 1992): Elections results (multi-member districts)  
Number of registered electors 3,466,677
Voters 2,592,117 (74.77%)

Comments:
  * Elections were postponed in nine of the 84 districts.

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
Peace bloc 29
11th of October bloc 18
Unity bloc 14
National-Democratic Party of Georgia 12
Georgian Party of Greens 11
Democratic Party 10
“Charter-91” 9
Union of Georgian Traditionalists 7
Ilia Chavchavadze Society 7
All-Georgian Society of Merab Kostava 5
Georgian Party of National Independence 4
Socialist Party of the Workers of Georgia 4
Georgian Union of National Agreement and Renaissance 4
Others 16

Comments:
  Total of seats in multi-member districts.


<<< Return to the Historical Archive page of parliamentary election results for GEORGIA <<<

Copyright 1992 Inter-Parliamentary Union