INDONESIA
Parliamentary Chamber: Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat

ELECTIONS HELD IN 1999

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Chamber:
  Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat


Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  7 June 1999


Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for the 462 elective seats of the House of Representatives following the premature dissolution of this body. General elections had previously been held in May 1997.


Background and outcome of elections:

  Following the previous general elections of May 1997, President of the Republic (since 1968) Suharto had been re-elected on 10 March 1998. However, on 21 May, he resigned amid riots and student demonstrations calling for fundamental economic and political reforms, and was succeeded by Vice-President B.J. Habibie. On 3 December, the election date was set and, the next month, the Electoral Law was amended to provide for 462 directly elected and 38 appointed military House of Representatives members; these numbers had previously been 425 and 75, respectively. According to a further change, civil servants were no longer required to join the ruling Golkar party, which had been in power since the 1971 elections.

The three-week electoral campaign opened on 19 May, and centred on personalities and the call for change in government as much as on prominent issues such as economic problems. Unlike to the 1997 elections, when only three parties contested seats, 48 (including 12 Muslim-oriented) were now in the running as political restrictions had been relaxed following Mr. Suharto's stepping down. The House poll - held simultaneously with those for provincial and district assemblies - was thus the first fully free one since the 1950s. Monitored by international observers from the European Union and the US (including former President Carter), voting, as the campaign itself, took place in a relatively peaceful atmosphere. Final results were only announced on 26 July. According to these figures, the opposition alliance consisting of the Democratic Party for Struggle (PDI-P), the National Mandate Party (PAN) and the National Awakening Party (PKB) emerged with 240 seats; these groups were led, respectively, by the popular Megawati Sukarnoputri, daughter of former President Sukarno and to many the symbol of opposition forces, Mr. Amien Ras and Mr. Abdurrahman Wahid. Golkar, for its part, captured only 120 seats.

On October 20, the 700-member People's Consultative Assembly which includes the House membership chose Mr. Abdurrahman Wahid as the President of the Republic. He named his Cabinet six days later.

STATISTICS
Round no 1 (7 June 1999): Elections results  
Number of registered electors 118 217 393
Voters 110 298 176 (93 %)
Blank or invalid ballot papers 3 711 546
Valid votes 106 586 630

Round no 1: Distribution of votes  
Political Group Votes %
Indonesian Democratic Party - Struggle (PDI-P) 25 089 852 37.45
Golkar 13 995 216 20.89
National Awakening Party (PKB) 11 682 074 17.44
United Development Party (PPP) 7 155 418 10.68
National Mandate Party (PAN) 4 895 965 7.31
Crescent Star Party (PBB) 1 218 427 1.82
Justice Party (PK) 878 965 1.31
Justice and Unity Party (PKP) 632 970 0.94
Others 1 450 223 2.16

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
Indonesian Democratic Party - Struggle (PDI-P) 154
Golkar 120
National Awakening Party (PKB) 51
United Development Party (PPP) 58
National Mandate Party (PAN) 35
Crescent Star Party (PBB) 14
Justice Party (PK) 6
Justice and Unity Party (PKP) 6
Others 18

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 460
Women: 40
Percent of women: 8.00


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Copyright 1999 Inter-Parliamentary Union