Parliamentary Chamber: Supreme Kenges


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  Supreme Kenges

Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  7 March 1994

Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the elective seats of the Parliament provided for in the Constitution of January 1993. General elections for the former 360-seat Supreme Soviet had last taken place in March 1990, prior to the attainment of independence in December 1991.

Background and outcome of elections:

  The outgoing Supreme Soviet dissolved itself on 13 December 1993, five days after having set the March 1994 election date for a new, full-time professional legislature. In the meantime, certain of the Supreme Kenges’ powers were delegated to President of the Republic Nursultan Nazarbayev until the polling.

The parliamentary elections – held concurrently with those on the local level – were the first since adoption of the independence Constitution in January 1993, which also provided for a multiparty system. On this basis, the President’s own Union of People’s Unity of Kazakhstan party was challenged by several newly formed groups, especially the People’s Congress of Kazakhstan. After reduction through a screening process, 754 candidates were approved to contest the 135 popularly chosen seats. Candidates for the 42 "state list" mandates totalled 65.

The two-month campaign was marked by talk of the country's economy, President Nazarbayev committing himself to the free-market system and continued reforms particularly in the banking and tax spheres with the aim of attracting foreign investment.

Polling procedures were monitored by foreign observers, especially a parliamentary delegation of the CSCE, which called into question the free and fair nature of the vote. Final results gave a clear majority to supporters of the President and a total of approximately 60% of the parliamentary seats to ethnic Kazakhs. The Council of Ministers is headed by Prime Minister Sergei Tereshchenko.

Round no 1 (7 March 1994): Elections results  
Voters 73.52 %

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
Union of People's Unity of Kazakhstan 33
Trades Union Federation 11
People's Congress of Kazakhstan 9
Socialist Party 8
Peasants' Union 4
Lad (Harmony) Movement 4
Other parties and groups 7
Independents 59

  Excluding the 42 "state list" Deputies.

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 156
Women: 21

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Copyright 1994 Inter-Parliamentary Union