Parliamentary Chamber: Sapha Heng Xat


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  Sapha Heng Xat

Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  20 December 1992

Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all seats of the new Parliament provided for in the August 1991 Constitution. General elections had previously been held for a 79-member Supreme People’s Assembly in March 1989.

Background and outcome of elections:

  In December 1975, a 45-member Supreme People’s Assembly was appointed to draft a new Constitution. Only in February 1986, however, was work on a draft reported to be complete. A new, 79-member Assembly was directly elected in March !989, and approved the new basic law in August 1991. This document, among other things, increased the power of parliament and cemented market-oriented economic changes.

All 154 candidates – of whom 16 women, 34 nominated by state institutions at the central level and 120 by different state and public services at the local level – for the 85 seats at stake were approved by the ruling, communist Lao People’s Revolutionary Party (LPRP), although four ran as independents. The LPRP is the dominant force in the umbrella Lao Front for National Reconstruction. Campaign issues focused to a great extent on the country’s social and economic development, the latter promoted significantly by ex-President of the Republic Kaysone Phomvihane. Final election results were only compiled by January 1993, because many ballots had to be brought in from remote villages. The newly elected Assembly held its first meeting on 20 February. Two days later, incumbent President of the Republic Nouhak Phoumsavan and Prime Minister Khamtay Siphandon were confirmed in their posts, and the appointment of a new Council of Ministers was approved.

Round no 1 (20 December 1992): Elections results  
Number of registered electors 2,024,756
Voters 2,009,727 (99.33%)

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
Lao People’s Revolutionary Party (LPRP) 85

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 77
Women: 8

Distribution of seats according to age:  
Under 40 years 7
40-49 years 38
50-59 years 28
60-79 years 12

Distribution of seats according to education:

Primary school 3
Lower Secondary school 33
Upper Secondary school 28
University and higher 21

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Copyright 1992 Inter-Parliamentary Union