Parliamentary Chamber: Assemblée Nationale


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  Assemblée Nationale

Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  23 February 1992
8 March 1992

Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the seats of the new Parliament provided for in the 1992 Constitution. General elections had previously been held in June 1988.

Background and outcome of elections:

  In March 1991, President of the Republic (since 1979) Moussa Traoré was overthrown by military coup d’Etat, the 1979 Constitution was suspended and the unicameral Parliament last elected in June 1988 was dissolved. A national conference was convened in July to draft the new Constitution that would provide for a transition to civilian rule, in the context of a multiparty political system in place of the sole Union démocratique du peuple malien (UDPM) party, for its part dissolved.

Following the national conference, the general election dates were originally set for December 1991/January 1992, but later postponed twice especially because of rebellion by the nomadic Tuareg minority of northern Mali, extending the transitional period.

Altogether 22 parties contested the first round, on 23 February. Prominent among these were the Alliance for Democracy in Mali (ADEMA), which had been instrumental in President Traoré’s downfall and was led by Mr. Alpha Oumar Konaré; the National Congress for Democratic Initiative (CNID), headed by Mr. Mountaga Tall; and the Sudanese Union-African Democratic Rally (US-RDA). Economic issues, particularly the problem of unemployment, were debated during the month-long campaign.

The polling days, monitored by foreign observers, were marked by low turnouts, and boycotted by a number of political groups. Of the 15 candidates elected in the first round, 10 belonged to ADEMA. Final results giving ADEMA an absolute parliamentary majority were contested by opponents, which questioned various electoral practices; CNID made a generally disappointing showing.

On April 26, Mr. Konaré was elected President of the Republic. He named his Council of Ministers on 9 June, after being sworn in to office. The new Prime Minister is Mr. Younoussi Touré.

Round no 1: Elections results  
Number of registered electors 4,780,416
Voters 21.09%

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
Alliance for Democracy in Mali (ADEMA) 76
National Congress for Democratic Initiative (CNID) 9
Sudanese Union-African Democratic Rally (US-RDA) 8
Popular Movement for the Development of the Republic of West Africa (PMD) 6
Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP) 4
Union for Democracy and Development (UDD) 4
Rally for Democracy and Work (RDT) 3
Union of Democratic Progressive Forces (UFDP) 3
Democracy and Progress Party (PDP) 2
Malian Union for Democracy and Development (UMADD) 1

  Seats voted for by the internal electorate; 13 other seats are reserved for Malians living abroad.

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 126
Women: 3

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Copyright © 1992 Inter-Parliamentary Union