MALTA
Parliamentary Chamber: Il-Kamra Tad-Deputati

ELECTIONS HELD IN 1992

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Chamber:
  Il-Kamra Tad-Deputati


Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  22 February 1992


Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the seats in Parliament following the premature dissolution of this body on 20 January 1992. General elections had previously taken place in May 1987.


Background and outcome of elections:

  The election date was set on 20 January 1992, the same day on which Parliament was prematurely dissolved. Once again, main contenders for the 65 House seats were the ruling Nationalist Party (PN) and the opposition Malta Labour Party (MLP), led by former Prime Minister Karmenu (Carmelo) Mifsud Bonnici.

During the generally peaceful one-month campaign, emphasis was put on Malta’s membership in the European Community (EC), which PN Prime Minister Edward Fenech Adami favoured and called the country’s highest priority. The Nationalists secondly touted the steady growth under the liberal economic policy followed during their term of office. MLP countered by accusing the outgoing Government of mismanaging the economy in doubling the foreign debt; it moreover opposed full EC membership and urged closer ties with North Africa. The small Democratic Alternative, an MLP breakaway group, for its part stressed environmental and social issues.

As on previous occasions, polling day was marked by a high voter turnout. As in 1987, PN secured more than 50% of the vote. This time, however, it also gained a majority of seats, so that there was no need to award a bonus number. On 27 February, the new, slightly reshuffled Cabinet, headed by Mr. Adami, was appointed.

STATISTICS
Round no 1 (22 February 1992): Elections results  
Number of registered electors 259,423
Voters 96.04%
Valid votes 247,139

Round no 1: Distribution of votes  
Political Group Votes %
Nationalist Party 127,932 51.77
Malta Labour Party 114,911 46.50
Democratic Alternative 4,186 1.69
Independents 110 .04

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total Gain/Loss
Nationalist Party 34 +3
Malta Labour Party 31 -3
Democratic Alternative - -
Independents - -

Distribution of seats according to sex*:  
Men: 65
Women: 1

Distribution of seats according to age*:  
Under 30 years 1
30-39 years 18
40-49 years 20
50-59 years 16
60-70 years 10
71-80 years 1


Distribution of seats according to profession*:

 
Lawyers 15
Doctors 14
Architects, civil engineers 9
Clerical staff 4
Notaries 4
Teachers 3
Accountants 3
Managers 3
Economists 2
Journalists 2
Others 7

Comments:
  * Including the Speaker.


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Copyright 1992 Inter-Parliamentary Union