MONGOLIA
Parliamentary Chamber: Ulsyn Ikh Khural

ELECTIONS HELD IN 2000

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Chamber:
  Ulsyn Ikh Khural


Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  2 July 2000


Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the seats in Parliament on the normal expiry of the members' term of office.


Background and outcome of elections:

  In April 2000, the Great Hural set 2 July 2000 as the date of the general elections, after rejecting a bill proposing an amendment of the 1996 Election Law. This amendment would have reduced the number of parliamentary constituencies from 76 to 26.

It was the third time since the collapse of communism in 1990 that Mongolian voters were electing a new parliament.

In 1996, a coalition of pro-democracy parties, the Democratic Union Coalition, had supplanted the former communists, the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP), winning 50 of the 76 seats at stake.

More than 600 candidates representing 13 parties, three coalitions and independent platforms took part in the July 2000 elections. Economic problems, especially slow economic growth, were the main focus in the electoral campaign. Despite an aggressive policy (reduction of the inflation, introduction of a five-day working week, abolition of State control of the country's media and a major privatisation scheme) conducted by the Democratic Union Coalition, trends in the previous four years seem to have worked against the coalition. Indeed, four administrations had come and gone, three deputies had been jailed in a corruption scandal and a cabinet minister had been murdered. Attempts to turn the economy around had raised unemployment to 50% in some towns, and a third of the country is now estimated to live below the poverty line. Moreover, thousands of nomadic families had lost their livelihoods owing to the worst winter in over 30 years.

After the 2000 elections, the new Parliament looks more or less the same as in 1992: the MPRP won 72 seats. Former Prime Minister, J. Narantsatsralt, from the Mongolian National Democratic Party (MNDP), was the only member of the former ruling Democratic Union Coalition to retain his seat, while the Civil Courage Party of Mrs. S. Oyun and the Mongolian New Social Demcratic Party of Mr B. Erdenebat won one seat each. There was also one independent successful candidate.

On 26 July 2000, the Great Hural chose the leader of the MPRP, Mr. Nambariin Enkhbayar, as the new Prime Minister.

STATISTICS
Round no 1 (2 July 2000): Elections results  
Number of registered electors 1 247 033
Voters 1 027 985 (82 %)

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) 72
National Democratic Party (NDP) 1
Independents 3

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 68
Women: 8
Percent of women: 10.53 %


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Copyright 2000 Inter-Parliamentary Union