ELECTIONS HELD IN 2001
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|23 September 2001|
|Elections were held for all the seats of the Sejm on the normal expiry of the members' term of office.|
|Fifteen political groups and independent candidates ran in the parliamentary elections that took place on 23 September 2001.
One of the main subjects of the electoral campaign was the bad economic situation. Unemployment had jumped from 10 to 16 percent in the year prior to the elections and the government budget deficit had ballooned, forcing leaders to search for deep cuts, and depressing investments.
The economic development that the country had witnessed in the immediate post-communist period had benefited mainly the major cities. Outside the city centre, small farmers have had to grapple with rising costs and foreign competition, while steelworkers, factory workers and coal miners face big job cuts
The official election results showed that the reformed communists had ousted the ruling Solidarity party from Parliament but would lack the requisite majority to govern on their own. The Central Election Commission announced that the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) - which is led by former communists but whose policies are close to West European centre-left parties - had won 41.04 percent of the vote, the most support won by any party since the Solidarity movement brought down communism in 1989. The SLD had thus won 216 seats in the Sejm, 12 short of an outright majority, and 75 in the Senate. The liberal conservative Civic Platform was second with 65 seats, followed by the radical farmers' group Self-Defence with 53 and the right-wing party Law and Justice with 44. The Solidarity movement collapsed, failing to win a single seat.
On 4 October 2001, Mr. Leszek Miller, a former communist and leader of the Social Democratic Left Alliance (SLD), was named Prime Minister, the 10th since the transition to democracy. Two days later, the councils of the SLD and the Polish Peasant Party (PSL) formally approved the formation of an SLD-PSL coalition cabinet that have 258 votes in the 460-seat Sejm.
On 19 October 2001, the new Parliament held its first sitting. Mr Marek Borowski was elected as new Speaker of the Sejm and Mr Longin Hieronim Pastusiak as President of the Senate.
|Round no 1 (23 September 2001): Elections results|
|Number of registered electors||29 364 455|
|Voters||13 591 681 (46.29%)|
|Blank or invalid ballot papers||541 483|
|Valid votes||13 050 198|
|Round no 1: Distribution of votes|
|Left Democratic Alliance + Labor Union (SLD-UP)||907||5 342 519||41.04|
|Civic Platform||761||1 651 099||12.68|
|Self-Defense||664||1 327 642||10.20|
|Law and Justice (PiS)||750||1 236 787||9.50|
|Polish Peasant Party (PSL)||882||1 168 659||8.98|
|League of Polish Families (LPR)||719||1 025 148||7.87|
|German Minority of Lower Silesia||36||47 230||0.36|
|Round no 1: Distribution of seats|
|Left Democratic Alliance + Labor Union (SLD-UP)||216|
|Law and Justice (PiS)||44|
|Polish Peasant Party (PSL)||42|
|League of Polish Families (LPR)||38|
|German Minority of Lower Silesia||2|
|Distribution of seats according to sex:|
|Percent of women:||20.22 %|
|Distribution of seats according to age:|
|21 to 30 years||13|
|31 to 40 years||61|
|41 to 50 years||191|
|51 to 60 years||171|
|61 to 70 years||21|
|Over 70 years||3|
Copyright © 2001 Inter-Parliamentary Union