ELECTIONS HELD IN 2000
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|13 April 2000|
|Elections were held for all the seats in Parliament on the normal expiry of the members' term of office.|
|Neither of the two major parties of the Republic of Korea won an absolute majority following the legislative elections of 13 April 2000, viewed as a referendum on the policy of President Kim Dae-jung. The announcement, three days before the elections, of a forthcoming historic inter-Korean summit after a half century of division, was viewed as a boost for President Kin Dae-jung's Millennium Democratic Party (MDP). The opposition sharply criticized the timing of the announcement.
However, the Grand National Party (Hannara Dang), in the opposition, became the leading political group in parliament, with 133 out of the new total of 273 seats (Parliament was downsized from 299 seats to 273 with a view to achieving cost savings).
The President's MDP came in second with 115 seats, even though it did better than in 1996, when it ran under the name of National Congress for New Politics (NCNP). The United Liberal Democrats (ULD), a conservative party that on 24 February 2000 announced its withdrawal from the coalition formed with the ruling party, picked up 33 seats less than in the previous election.
Turnout was lower than expected, with 57.2% of the 33.5 million registered voters as against 63.9% in the 1996 elections.
On 26 June, the National Assembly endorsed Mr Lee Han-dong as Prime Minister.
|Round no 1 (13 April 2000): Elections results|
|Number of registered electors||33 482 387|
|Voters||19 156 515 (57 %)|
|Blank or invalid ballot papers||251 775|
|Valid votes||18 904 740|
|Round no 1: Distribution of votes|
|Grand National Party||39.00|
|Millennium Democratic Party (MDP)||35.99|
|United Liberal Democrats (ULD)||9.80|
|Others and independents||n.d.|
|Round no 1: Distribution of seats|
|Grand National Party||133||21||112|
|Millennium Democratic Party (MDP)||115||19||96|
|United Liberal Democrats (ULD)||17||5||12|
|Others and independents||8||1||7|
|Distribution of seats according to sex:|
|Percent of women:||5.86|
|Distribution of seats according to age:|
|31 to 40 years||14|
|41 to 50 years||70|
|51 to 60 years||113|
|61 to 70 years||72|
|Over 70 years||4|
Copyright © 2000 Inter-Parliamentary Union