REPUBLIC OF KOREA
Parliamentary Chamber: Kuk Hoe

ELECTIONS HELD IN 2000

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Chamber:
  Kuk Hoe


Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  13 April 2000


Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the seats in Parliament on the normal expiry of the members' term of office.


Background and outcome of elections:

  Neither of the two major parties of the Republic of Korea won an absolute majority following the legislative elections of 13 April 2000, viewed as a referendum on the policy of President Kim Dae-jung. The announcement, three days before the elections, of a forthcoming historic inter-Korean summit after a half century of division, was viewed as a boost for President Kin Dae-jung's Millennium Democratic Party (MDP). The opposition sharply criticized the timing of the announcement.

However, the Grand National Party (Hannara Dang), in the opposition, became the leading political group in parliament, with 133 out of the new total of 273 seats (Parliament was downsized from 299 seats to 273 with a view to achieving cost savings).

The President's MDP came in second with 115 seats, even though it did better than in 1996, when it ran under the name of National Congress for New Politics (NCNP). The United Liberal Democrats (ULD), a conservative party that on 24 February 2000 announced its withdrawal from the coalition formed with the ruling party, picked up 33 seats less than in the previous election.

Turnout was lower than expected, with 57.2% of the 33.5 million registered voters as against 63.9% in the 1996 elections.

On 26 June, the National Assembly endorsed Mr Lee Han-dong as Prime Minister.

STATISTICS
Round no 1 (13 April 2000): Elections results  
Number of registered electors 33 482 387
Voters 19 156 515 (57 %)
Blank or invalid ballot papers 251 775
Valid votes 18 904 740

Round no 1: Distribution of votes  
Political Group %
Grand National Party 39.00
Millennium Democratic Party (MDP) 35.99
United Liberal Democrats (ULD) 9.80
Others and independents n.d.

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total Proportional Majority
Grand National Party 133 21 112
Millennium Democratic Party (MDP) 115 19 96
United Liberal Democrats (ULD) 17 5 12
Others and independents 8 1 7

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 257
Women: 16
Percent of women: 5.86

Distribution of seats according to age:  
31 to 40 years 14
41 to 50 years 70
51 to 60 years 113
61 to 70 years 72
Over 70 years 4


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Copyright 2000 Inter-Parliamentary Union