SLOVENIA
Parliamentary Chamber: Drzavni Zbor Republike Slovenije

ELECTIONS HELD IN 1992

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Chamber:
  Drzavni Zbor Republike Slovenije


Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  6 December 1992
10 December 1992


Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the seats in the bicameral Parliament provided for by the Constitution of December 1991 in the first national poll since independence.


Background and outcome of elections:

  The election date was announced on 1 October 1992. Legislative polling was combined with voting for President of the Republic. Altogether 25 parties and coalitions were in the running for the parliamentary seats. Prominent among these were the Liberal Democratic Party (LDS), the Christian Democrats and the Associated List, the last being a union of three parties including the former Slovene League of Communists, which had previously been led by incumbent President Milan Kucan.

During the campaign, the accent was as much on personalities of candidates as on issues. The main contending parties’ platforms differed little, especially with respect to the economic sphere (increased orientation to a free-market system, progressive privatisation and revitalisation of the banking system). In truth, the general aim was for national “economic independence” after the achievement of political sovereignty. One particularly discussed question concerned the high unemployment rate. Apart from the economy, the neighbouring armed conflict in the former Yugoslav federation, especially the resulting refugee influx from Bosnia and Herzegovina, was of course subject of debate.

On polling day, the LDS, led by Prime Minister Janez Drnovsek, won the most National Assembly seats but fell short of an outright parliamentary majority. A total of eight parties shared the Assembly’s 88 popularly elected seats. Mr. Kucan, standing as an independent, was for his part re-elected President for five years.

Of the 40 National Council seats, 22 were filled on 6 December and 18 four days later through an indirect process.

On 12 January 1993, Mr. Drnovsek was re-elected Prime Minister by the National Assembly. Thirteen days later, a centrist coalition Government comprising five parties was approved by the State Council.

STATISTICS
Round no 1 (6 and 10 December 1992): Elections results  
Number of registered electors 1,490,434
Voters 1,280,243 (85.89%)
Blank or invalid ballot papers 89,226
Valid votes 1,191,017

Round no 1: Distribution of votes  
Political Group Votes %
Liberal Democratic Party (LDS) 278,638 23.46
Slovenian Christian Democrats 172,304 14.51
Associated List* 161,297 13.58
Slovenian National Party 119,010 10.2
Slovenian People’s Alliance 103,199 8.69
Democratic Party 59,460 5.1
Green Party of Slovenia 44,002 3.7
Social Democratic Party of Slovenia 39,650 3.34
National Minorities** n.a. n.a.

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
Liberal Democratic Party (LDS) 22
Slovenian Christian Democrats 15
Associated List* 14
Slovenian National Party 12
Slovenian People’s Alliance 10
Democratic Party 6
Green Party of Slovenia 5
Social Democratic Party of Slovenia 4
National Minorities** 2

Comments:
  * A union of three parties.
** One Italian seat and one Hungarian seat.

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 79
Women: 11


Distribution of seats according to education:

 
Secondary School 13
Higher education 13
University education 64


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Copyright 1992 Inter-Parliamentary Union