ELECTIONS HELD IN 1992
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|Drzavni Zbor Republike Slovenije|
|6 December 1992
10 December 1992
|Elections were held for all the seats in the bicameral Parliament provided for by the Constitution of December 1991 in the first national poll since independence.|
|The election date was announced on 1 October 1992. Legislative polling was combined with voting for President of the Republic. Altogether 25 parties and coalitions were in the running for the parliamentary seats. Prominent among these were the Liberal Democratic Party (LDS), the Christian Democrats and the Associated List, the last being a union of three parties including the former Slovene League of Communists, which had previously been led by incumbent President Milan Kucan.
During the campaign, the accent was as much on personalities of candidates as on issues. The main contending parties’ platforms differed little, especially with respect to the economic sphere (increased orientation to a free-market system, progressive privatisation and revitalisation of the banking system). In truth, the general aim was for national “economic independence” after the achievement of political sovereignty. One particularly discussed question concerned the high unemployment rate. Apart from the economy, the neighbouring armed conflict in the former Yugoslav federation, especially the resulting refugee influx from Bosnia and Herzegovina, was of course subject of debate.
On polling day, the LDS, led by Prime Minister Janez Drnovsek, won the most National Assembly seats but fell short of an outright parliamentary majority. A total of eight parties shared the Assembly’s 88 popularly elected seats. Mr. Kucan, standing as an independent, was for his part re-elected President for five years.
Of the 40 National Council seats, 22 were filled on 6 December and 18 four days later through an indirect process.
On 12 January 1993, Mr. Drnovsek was re-elected Prime Minister by the National Assembly. Thirteen days later, a centrist coalition Government comprising five parties was approved by the State Council.
|Round no 1 (6 and 10 December 1992): Elections results|
|Number of registered electors||1,490,434|
|Blank or invalid ballot papers||89,226|
|Round no 1: Distribution of votes|
|Liberal Democratic Party (LDS)||278,638||23.46|
|Slovenian Christian Democrats||172,304||14.51|
|Slovenian National Party||119,010||10.2|
|Slovenian People’s Alliance||103,199||8.69|
|Green Party of Slovenia||44,002||3.7|
|Social Democratic Party of Slovenia||39,650||3.34|
|Round no 1: Distribution of seats|
|Liberal Democratic Party (LDS)||22|
|Slovenian Christian Democrats||15|
|Slovenian National Party||12|
|Slovenian People’s Alliance||10|
|Green Party of Slovenia||5|
|Social Democratic Party of Slovenia||4|
|* A union of three parties.
** One Italian seat and one Hungarian seat.
|Distribution of seats according to sex:|
Copyright © 1992 Inter-Parliamentary Union