THAILAND
Parliamentary Chamber: Saphaphuthan Ratsadon

ELECTIONS HELD IN 1988

<<< Return to the Historical Archive page of parliamentary election results for THAILAND <<<

Chamber:
  Saphaphuthan Ratsadon


Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  24 July 1988


Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the seats in the House of Representatives following premature dissolution of this body on 29 April 1988. General elections had previously been held in July 1986.


Background and outcome of elections:

  On 15 April 1988, a no-confidence motion was tabled by the opposition parties in the House of Representatives, and debate thereon was set for 9 May. However, on 29 April, the House was dissolved although there were more than two years left of its four-year term, and the July polling date was set. Prime Minister (since 1980) Prem Tinsulanonda had recommended the dissolution after the main party (the centrist Democrats) in his coalition Government was split by a dispute over a copyright bill.

Altogether 3,606 candidates (including 366 women) and 16 parties contested the enlarged House's 357 seats. Confronting the ruling parties (Democrats (DP), Chart Thai, Social Action Party (SAP) and Rassadorn) was a loose collection of anti-Prem groups. The newly-formed Palang Dharma (Force of Virtue) Party, headed by the governor of Bangkok, fielded the most candidates – 319.

On polling day marked by a record voter turnout, no single party gained an overall House majority, and the conservative Chart Thai (Thai Nation) supplanted the divided DP as leading group with 87 seats. On 27 July, Gen. Prem declined an offer to remain as Prime Minister and the Deputy Prime Minister, Chart Thai leader Chatichai Choonhavan, was named his successor. Chart Thai formed a new multiparty coalition Government with its former allies plus the United Democracy Party and, ultimately, the Mass Party; they together held 220 House seats. The new Cabinet was appointed on 9 August.

STATISTICS
Round no 1 (24 July 1988): Elections results  
Number of registered electors 26,658,637
Voters 16,944,931 (63.56%)
Blank or invalid ballot papers 594,788
Valid votes 16,350,143

Round no 1: Distribution of votes  
Political Group Candidates %
Chart Thai Party 256 24.4
Social Action Party 213 15.1
Democrat Party 209 13.4
United Thai Party 205 9.8
Thai Citizen Party 207 8.7
Rassadorn Party 199 5.9
People Party* 255 5.3
Thai People's Party 244 4.8
Palang Dharma Party* 319 3.9
Community Action Party 216 2.5
Progressive Party 233 2.2
United Democratic Party 214 1.4
Mass Party 209 1.4
Liberal Party 189 0.8
Social Democratic Force Party 195 0.3
Democratic Labour Party - -
National Democracy Party - -
Thai Agricultural Industrial Party 214 -

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total Gain/Loss
Chart Thai Party 87 +24
Social Action Party 54 +3
Democrat Party 48 -52
United Thai Party 35 +16
Thai Citizen Party 31 +7
Rassadorn Party 21 +3
People Party* 19 +19
Thai People's Party 17 +16
Palang Dharma Party* 14 +14
Community Action Party 9 -6
Progressive Party 8 -1
United Democratic Party 5 -33
Mass Party 5 +2
Liberal Party 3 +2
Social Democratic Force Party 1 =
Democratic Labour Party - -1
National Democracy Party - -3
Thai Agricultural Industrial Party - =

Comments:
  10 seats added since last elections.
* New party.

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 262
Women: 5

Distribution of seats according to age:  
25-30 years 17
31-35 years 42
36-40 years 45
41-45 years 60
46-50 years 72
51-55 years 50
56-60 years 32
61-65 years 24
66-70 years 12
71-75 years 1
76-80 years 2


Distribution of seats according to profession:

 
Businessmen 132
Politicians 72
Pensioners 10
Civil servants 32
Lawyers 43
Farmers 23
Teachers 12
Banking 4
Doctors 5
Engineer 6
Journalists 2
Architects 2
Broadcasting 2
Others 6
No indication of profession 6


<<< Return to the Historical Archive page of parliamentary election results for THAILAND <<<

Copyright 1988 Inter-Parliamentary Union