Parliamentary Chamber: Majlis Al-Nuwab


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  Majlis Al-Nuwab

Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  2 April 1989

Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the seats in Parliament following premature dissolution of this body on 2 March 1989. General elections had previously been held in November 1986.

Background and outcome of elections:

  Following the November 1986 general elections, Mr. Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali took office as President of the Republic one year later – on 7 November 1987 – succeeding Mr. Habib Bourguiba. Another year later to the day, the date of the 1989 presidential and legislative elections was announced (originally for 9 April); polling for the Chamber of Deputies was not normally due until November 1991.

Also in November 1988, six opposition political parties had signed a "national pact" on multi-partyism with the Government. Thus some 350 candidates challenged the 141 (one for each seat of the enlarged Chamber of Deputies) of the ruling Democratic Constitutional Rally (Rassemblement constitutionnel démocratique – (RCD), known as the Destour Socialist Party (PSD) until 1988. The two-week campaign commenced on 19 March.

On a generally peaceful polling day, Mr. Ben Ali, unopposed, won the five-year term presidency and the RCD captured all parliamentary seats despite a strong challenge from independent candidates linked to Islamic fundamentalists and in the face of a poor showing by the main opposition Democratic Socialist Movement (MDS). This total triumph was attributed to Tunisia's simple majority electoral system.

On 11 April, President Ben Ali reshuffled his Cabinet.

Round no 1 (2 April 1989): Elections results  
Number of registered electors 2,711,925
Voters 2,073,719 (76.46%)
Blank or invalid ballot papers 31,838
Valid votes 2,041,881

Round no 1: Distribution of votes  
Political Group %
Democratic Constitutional Rally (RCD) 80.48

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
Democratic Constitutional Rally (RCD) 141

  16 seats added since last elections.

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 135
Women: 6

Distribution of seats according to age:  
30-40 years 46
40-50 years 64
50-60 years 22
Over 60 years 9

Distribution of seats according to profession:

Professors, teachers 37
Civil servants 30
Engineers 19
Doctors 15
Lawyers 12
Businessmen 8
Judges 4
Farmers 2
Pharmacists 2
Others 12

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Copyright © 1989 Inter-Parliamentary Union