TURKMENISTAN
Parliamentary Chamber: Mejlis

ELECTIONS HELD IN 1994

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Chamber:
  Mejlis


Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  11 December 1994


Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the members of the Mejlis on the normal expiry of the members’ term of office. Previous elections for the former Supreme Soviet had been held in January 1990.


Background and outcome of elections:

  The 1994 general elections were the first since independence was attained in October 1991. As the former, 175-member Supreme Soviet had last been elected in January 1990, the polling nearly five years later could be deemed as normally due.

Under the terms of the May 1992 Constitution, Parliament was reduced to 50 seats. The sole political organisation to contest these was the Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (DPT) – known as the Communist Party of Turkmenistan until December 1991 – led by President of the Republic (Gen.) Saparmurat Niyazov. No opposition parties were officially registered. A new Electoral Law had been adopted on 13 May.

Altogether 54 candidates were proposed in the 50-single member constituencies, 51 were ultimately registered and 50 DPT members finally ran, thus unopposed. Other candidates who had been put forward as alternatives reportedly were all disqualified or withdrew for various reasons before the election. The voter turnout was officially announced as 99.8%.

The newly elected Parliament held its inaugural session on 26 December and returned Mr. Sakhat Muradov as its Chairman. President Niyazov continues in the office he has held since October 1990 and is also Prime Minister, in accordance with the Constitution.

STATISTICS
Round no 1 (11 December 1994): Elections results  
Number of registered electors 2,013,423
Voters 2,008,779 (99.77%)
Blank or invalid ballot papers 78
Valid votes 2,008,701

Round no 1: Distribution of votes  
Political Group Candidates
Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (DPT) 50

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (DPT) 50

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 41
Women: 9

Distribution of seats according to age:  
31-40 years 21
41-50 years 22
51 and older 7


Distribution of seats according to profession:

 
Teaching and cultural sector 16
Economists 10
Agricultural sector 8
Engineers 6
Jurists 5
Physicians 3
Journalists 2


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Copyright 1994 Inter-Parliamentary Union