Parliamentary Chamber: Oliy Majlis


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  Oliy Majlis

Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  25 December 1994
8 January 1995
22 January 1995

Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the seats of the new Parliament provided for in the December 1992 Constitution.

Background and outcome of elections:

  General elections for the former 500-member Supreme Soviet had previously been held in February 1990. In August 1991, independence from the former USSR was proclaimed. A new Constitution providing for a smaller legislature was adopted in December 1992.

The 1994 polling date was set on 23 September. Voters were also called upon to select local authorities at the municipal and district levels. The two registered parties allowed to contest the 250 parliamentary seats were the governing, and ex-communist, People’s Democratic Party (PDP) and its ally, the Progress of the Fatherland (FP) party. Two other parties opposed to the rule of President of the Republic (since March 1990) Islam Karimov were barred from running. Altogether 634 candidates – 250 nominated by local councils, 243 belonging to the PDP and 141 to the FP – were in contention. Of the single-member constituencies, 55% had three contestants, 43% two and 2% one.

There were few policy differences between the PDP and the FP, although the latter favoured economic reform at a faster pace. Personalities thus proved as important as issues to the electorate.

Polling was monitored by teams of foreign observers, who voiced diverse opinions as to the procedures used. Second round run-offs were held on 8 and 22 January 1995 in 45 constituencies. Final results gave an overwhelming majority to the PDP. On this basis, the Council of Ministers headed by Prime Minister A.M. Mutalov continued in power. After the polling, President Karimov appealed for expression of more divergent views in the country’s politics.

Round no 1 : Elections results  
Voters 94% (approx.)

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
People’s Democratic Party (PDP) 69
Progress of the Fatherland (FP) 14
Local council nominees 167*

  * Approximately 120 of the local council nominees were members of the PDP.

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 235
Women: 15

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Copyright 1994-1995 Inter-Parliamentary Union