YUGOSLAVIA
Parliamentary Chamber: Vece Gradjana

ELECTIONS HELD IN 1996

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Chamber:
  Vece Gradjana


Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  3 November 1996


Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the seats in the Chamber of Citizens on the normal expiry of the members' term of office.


Background and outcome of elections:

  The 1996 elections for the Chamber of Citizens of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) were held simultaneously with those for municipal governments throughout the country and the legislature of the constituent republic of Montenegro.

For the 138 seats at stake, there were 812 candidates: 607 in Serbia and 205 in Montenegro. Most were fielded by the ruling Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS) of President of the Republic Slobodan Milosevic, allied with the United Left (JUL) headed by his wife; the opposition, five-party alliance formed shortly before the poll and known as the Democratic Coalition of Workers and Farmers - Together; the Democratic Party of Montenegrin Socialists, supporters of the SPS; and the ultranationalist Serbian Radical Party.

The campaign took place against a backdrop of serious economic crisis (especially unemployment) caused in no small part by the four-year war in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the resulting international embargo, lifted following the December 1995 Dayton Agreement ending the war. With regard to this pact, President Milosevic was characterised as a man of peace for his role in its conclusion.

Final results, as announced by the Federal Election Commission on 6 November, gave a clear victory to the SPS and its Montenegrin allies, who together totalled 84 seats - a gain of 20. The opposition reacted by alleging irregularities, especially accusing the state-run media of biased campaign coverage.

The Federal Government is headed by Mr. Radoje Kontic.

STATISTICS
Round no 1 (3 November 1996): Elections results  
Number of registered electors 7,594,405
Voters 4,784,475 (63%)

Round no 1: Distribution of votes  
Political Group Votes %
PSS-JUL-ND Coalition 1,848,668 42.42
"Together" Coalition 969,296 22.24
Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro 146,221 3.35
Serbian Radical Party 779,259 17.88
Others 305,687 7.02

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
PSS-JUL-ND Coalition 64
"Together" Coalition 22
Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro 20
Serbian Radical Party 16
Others 16

Comments:
  PSS-JUL-ND Coalition: Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS), Yugoslav United Left (JUL), New Democracy (ND)
"Together" Coalition: Serbian Renewal Movement (SPO), Democratic Party (DS), Serbian Democratic Party (DSS), Civic Alliance (GSS)

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 131
Women: 7
Percent of women: 5.07


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Copyright 1996 Inter-Parliamentary Union