Parliamentary Chamber: National Assembly


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  National Assembly

Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  26 October 1988

Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for the 125 elective seats in Parliament on the normal expiry of the members' term of office.

Background and outcome of elections:

  The date of the simultaneous presidential and parliamentary elections was announced on 23 August 1988, a day after President of the Republic Kenneth Kaunda had dissolved Parliament at the 10th (Mulungushi) general conference of the United National Independence Party (UNIP), Zambia's only legal political organization. Mr. Kaunda had been elected the sole presidential candidate by the general conference. Out of 706 candidatures submitted for approval by the Central Committee of UNIP, 612 were retained. Local issues dominated the campaign debate, at a time of certain continuing economic problems facing the country (foreign debt, inflation, unemployment).

On a generally calm polling day, voter turnout was estimated at 60%. President Kaunda, in power since independence in 1964, was overwhelmingly re-elected for a sixth five-year term. There were 65 new members while 60 incumbents were re-elected. On 2 November, President Kaunda announced his new, trimmed Cabinet. In March 1989, Gen. Malimba Masheke became Prime Minister.

Round no 1 (26 October 1988): Elections results  
Number of registered electors 2,600,000 (approx.)
Voters 60% (approx.)

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
United National Independence Party (UNIP) 136

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 127
Women: 7

Distribution of seats according to profession:

Businessmen 39
Civil servants 18
Farmers 17
Lawyers 3
Doctors 1
Others 56

  Plus the Speaker and one nominated member.

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Copyright 1988 Inter-Parliamentary Union