Parliamentary Chamber: National Assembly


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  National Assembly

Dates of elections / renewal (from/to):

  18 November 1996

Purpose of elections:

  Elections were held for all the elective seats of the National Assembly on the normal expiry of the members' term of office.

Background and outcome of elections:

  The election date was set shortly before polling, in October. It coincided with the presidential poll, in which four candidates challenged the incumbent, Mr. Frederick Chiluba.

During the somewhat negative campaign, the manifesto of the ruling Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD), "changing Zambia for good", focused on economic expansion (especially the creation of new jobs through fresh capital investment), continued privatisation of state enterprises and enhanced democracy. The main opposition United National Independence Party (UNIP), which held 25 elected seats in the outgoing Parliament and was led by former President Kenneth Kaunda, accused the Government of corruption and drug dealing, among other things; it ultimately boycotted the elections after Mr. Kaunda was declared ineligible to run for the presidency. Altogether 11 parties and 100 independent candidates (of a total of 593) contested the parliamentary seats.

On a generally peaceful polling day marked by a low turnout, the MMD swept to an across-the-board victory as Mr. Chiluba was re-elected for a five-year term by a wide margin over Mr. Dean Mugomba of the Zambian Democratic Congress (ZDC) and the party captured over 130 of the 150 elective National Assembly seats. These results were contested by the opposition alliance, which alleged fraud, as well as by the Committee for a Clean Campaign (CCC), an internal monitor which did not deem the electoral procedures free and fair.

On 2 December, the make-up of the new reshuffled Cabinet was announced.

Round no 1 (18 November 1996): Elections results  
Number of registered electors 2,200,000 (approx.)
Voters 40% (approx.)

Round no 1: Distribution of votes  
Political Group Candidates Votes %
Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) 150 737,062 60.08
National Party (NP) 98 88,444 7.21
Agenda for Zambia (AZ) 11 18,982 1.54
Zambia Democratic Congress (ZDC) 140 172,446 14.05
Others 94 83,693 6.85
Independents 100 126,032 10.27

Round no 1: Distribution of seats  
Political Group Total
Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) 136
National Party (NP) 5
Agenda for Zambia (AZ) 2
Zambia Democratic Congress (ZDC) 2
Others 0
Independents 10

  Including appointed members

Distribution of seats according to sex:  
Men: 140
Women: 15

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Copyright 1996 Inter-Parliamentary Union