ELECTIONS HELD IN 1991
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|12 May 1991|
|Elections were held for all the elective seats of the new Parliament provided for in the November 1990 Constitution. The former unicameral National Panchayat (Assembly) last elected in May 1986 had been dissolved in April 1990.|
|The May 1991 election represented the first multiparty polling in Nepal since 1959 and marked the final phase of a year’s democratisation process highlighted by the adoption of a new Constitution in November 1990. Under this text, the old panchayat system of Parliament was replaced by a mostly elected bicameral legislature.
A number of political parties - which had been banned under panchayat - contested the 205 House of Representatives seats. Prominent among these were the Nepali Congress Party of incumbent Prime Minister (since April 1990) K.P.Bhattarai and the United Nepal Communist Party (UNCP). There were altogether more than 1,100 candidates from 20 parties and over 200 independents in the running.
The polling process was deemed generally fair. Although largely defeated for Representatives’ seats in the capital, Kathmandu, the Nepali Congress ultimately gained a majority with 112 seats to 68 for the Communists.
On 14 May, Prime Minister Bhattarai resigned following his own defeat in the election. On 26 May, Mr. Girija Prasad Koirala was appointed to succeed him and, three days later, the new Cabinet was formed.
|Round no 1 (12 May 1991): Elections results|
|Number of registered electors||11,000,000 (approx.)|
|Voters||7,291,089 (66% - approx.)|
|Blank or invalid ballot papers||322,023|
|Round no 1: Distribution of seats|
|Nepali Congress Party (NCP)||112|
|United Nepal Communist Party (UNCP)||68|
|United People’s Front (UPF)||9|
|Nepal Sadavabana Party (NSP)||6|
|Distribution of seats according to sex:|
|Distribution of seats according to age:|
|Over 60 years||11|
|Data unavailable on remaining members.|
Copyright © 1991 Inter-Parliamentary Union