PARLINE: recent parliamentary elections - IPU Every parliamentary election in the world is reported in PARLINE. All data is regularly cross-checked with parliaments. Election reports include the background to the election and of course the election results. The results contain statistics on the distribution of votes and seats among political parties, as well as a breakdown of seats by sex and, when available, by the age and profession of members of parliament. A brief summary of the electoral system is also available for each parliamentary chamber. This newsfeed offers quick access to the results of the most recent parliamentary elections in PARLINE. en-gb PARLINE: updates to general information on parliaments - IPU PARLINE recent elections : BARBADOS (House of Assembly) Mia Mottley's Barbados Labour Party (BLP) swept all 30 seats in the House of Assembly, ousting Prime Minister Freundel Stuart's Democratic Labour Party (DLP), which had ruled the country since 2008. On 25 May, Ms. Mottley was sworn in as the new Prime Minister, becoming the first woman in Barbados to assume the post. The 2018 elections were held amid slow recovery from the global economic crisis in 2008. The DLP ran on the government's record, citing economic growth for eight consecutive6/7/2018 5:59:25 PMPARLINE recent elections : MALAYSIA (House of Representatives) Pakatan Harapan (Alliance of Hope) opposition coalition (see note), led by the former long-serving Prime Minister Mohamad Mahathir, won the majority in the 222-member House of Representatives, thereby ousting Prime Minister Najib Razak's National Front (BN) coalition which had governed the country since Malaysia's independence from Britain in 1957. On 10 May, Mr. Mahathir, 92, was sworn in as Prime Minister, becoming the world’s eldest elected head of government. He stated that King has7/19/2018 5:37:17 PMPARLINE recent elections : BHUTAN (National Council) candidates, including six women, vied for the 20 seats at stake in the 25-member National Council. All candidates ran as independents since membership of the National Council is not party-based, unlike the National Assembly. Only five of the 12 incumbents seeking re-election were returned to the National Council. The new members, with the average age of 40, come from a range of professional backgrounds, including teachers, entrepreneurs, planners, lawyers, an actor and a journalist. Tw6/6/2018 11:53:55 AMPARLINE recent elections : HUNGARY (National Assembly) Minister Viktor Orban's Hungarian Civic Union-Christian Democratic People's Party (FIDESZ-KDNP) retained its two-thirds majority in the 199-member National Assembly, and therefore the possibility to amend the Constitution on its own. The far-right Jobbik came in a distant second with 26 seats, followed by the Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) - Dialogue for Hungary (Párbeszéd) with 20 seats. Other parties took fewer than 10 seats. On 8 May, President Janos Ader tasked Mr. Orban with for6/15/2018 11:42:06 AMPARLINE recent elections : ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA (House of Representatives) Minister Gaston Browne's Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party (ABLP) won a second consecutive election, taking 15 of the 17 seats at stake in the House of Representatives. The Prime Minister's wife, Ms. Maria Bird-Browne - granddaughter of the nation's founding father, Sir Vere Cornwall Bird - was elected to parliament for the first time. At 26, she is the youngest MP in the country's history. On 26 March, Mr. Browne was sworn in for a second term as Prime Minister. The newly appointed 17-mem6/6/2018 11:46:36 AMPARLINE recent elections : GRENADA (House of Representatives) Minister Keith Mitchell's New National Party (NNP) won all 15 seats in the House of Representatives for the second consecutive elections, keeping the opposition National Democratic Congress (NDC) led by former Prime Minister Tillman Thomas out of parliament. Seven women were elected (46.67%), up from two (13.33%) in 2013. During the election campaign, the NNP ran on the government's record, citing job creation and economic growth. Mr. Mitchell, who was sworn in for a fifth term as Pri6/6/2018 12:39:12 PMPARLINE recent elections : CUBA (National Assembly of the People's Power) 605 candidates were elected for the 605-seat National Assembly of the People's Power (down from 612, see note) were elected. All candidates were members of the Communist Party. A record 322 women were elected, giving women the majority in the new legislature (53.22%), up from 48.86% in 2013. On 19 April, the newly elected National Assembly of the People's Power elected Mr. Miguel Diaz-Canel as the country's new President (head of the Council of State). He replaced Mr. Raúl Castro, the yo5/4/2018 12:56:15 PMPARLINE recent elections : SIERRA LEONE (Parliament) All People's Congress (APC) remained the largest party in the 146-member Parliament (up from 124), while the opposition Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP) remained the second largest. No presidential candidate secured the required 55% of votes to be elected in the first round held in parallel with the parliamentary polls. In the run-off presidential elections held on 31 March, Mr. Julius Madaa Bio (SLPP) defeated former foreign affairs minister Samura Kamara (APC). On 5 April, Mr. Bio, who 7/12/2018 3:45:28 PMPARLINE recent elections : EL SALVADOR (Legislative Assembly) Salvador Sanchez Ceren's Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) fell from 31 to 23 seats in the 84-member Legislative Assembly. The National Republican Alliance (ARENA), now led by Mr. Mauricio Interiano, remained the largest party with 37 seats, up from 32. Two other rightist parties - the Great Alliance for National Unity (GANA) and the National Concertation Party (PCN) - also fared well, giving the three major right-wing parties 56 seats in all. During the election ca6/6/2018 12:35:09 PMPARLINE recent elections : DJIBOUTI (National Assembly) Ismaël Omar Guelleh's Union for the Presidential Majority (UMP) increased its majority from 55 seats to 57 in the 65-member National Assembly. The opposition Union for Democracy and Justice - Djiboutian Democratic Party (UDJ-PDD) took seven. Other major opposition parties (see note) boycotted the elections, arguing they were not fair or transparent. Prime Minister Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed, a brother-in-law of the President, said the electoral process was carried out transparently in 6/7/2018 11:48:44 AMPARLINE recent elections : MONACO (National Council)! Monaco as Priority (Priorité Monaco), led by former Speaker Stéphane Valeri, won a resounding victory. It took 21 seats in the 24-member National Council and ousted the outgoing ruling party, Monaco Horizon (HM), led by Ms. Béatrice Fresko-Rolfo. On 22 February, the newly-elected National Council elected Mr. Valeri as its Speaker. Major electoral issues in 2018 included housing and pension reform. Primo! promised to establish an urgent plan to provide more housing and to protect civil se6/7/2018 12:20:41 PMPARLINE recent elections : COSTA RICA (Legislative Assembly) in the previous elections, no party won an outright majority in the 57-member Legislative Assembly. Only three parties secured more than 10 seats: National Liberation Party (PLN, which governed the country between 2006 and 2014), the National Restoration Party (PRN, comprising evangelical Christians) and outgoing President Luis Guillermo Solís' Citizens' Action Party (PAC). He was constitutionally barred from seeking a second consecutive presidential term. In the presidential elections, 6/6/2018 1:26:40 PMPARLINE recent elections : TONGA (Legislative Assembly) elections in 2017 gave a resounding victory to the former Prime Minister 'Akilisi Pohiva, dismissed by the King in August. Independent candidates (see note 1) supporting Mr. Pohiva took 14 of the 17 directly-elected seats - up from eight previously - in the 30-member Legislative Assembly (see note 2). Two women were elected, compared to none in 2014. Lord Tangi became the Acting Speaker to oversee the process of electing a Prime Minister. On 18 December, the Legislative Assembly re-elected1/22/2018 4:34:41 PMPARLINE recent elections : ICELAND (Parliament) elections in 2017, held only one year after the previous elections, returned another fragmented Parliament. Prime Minister Bjarni Benediktsson's Independence Party (IP) remained the largest party in the 63-member Parliament, taking 16 seats, down from 21. Its coalition partner, the Reform Party also lost seats, taking four, while its former coalition partner, Bright Future, failed to win parliamentary representation. The Left-Green Movement (LGM), led by Ms. Katrín Jakobsdóttir (LGM), rema1/31/2018 1:32:46 PMPARLINE recent elections : AUSTRIA (National Council) in previous elections, no party won an outright majority in the 183-member National Council in these snap elections called one year before they were constitutionally due. The People's Party (ÖVP), led by Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz, came first with 62 seats, winning 11 more than the Social Democratic Party (SPÖ), led by Prime Minister Christian Kern. The Freedom Party (FPÖ), led by Mr. Heinz-Christian Strache, closely followed. On 20 October, President Alexander Van der Bellen (indepe1/31/2018 12:59:23 PMPARLINE recent elections : LIBERIA (House of Representatives) in the previous elections, no party won a majority in the 73-member House of Representatives (see note). The Congress for Democratic Change (CDC), led by soccer legend and Senator George Weah (CDC), came first with 21 seats. The ruling Unity Party (UP) came second with 19 seats. Other parties took fewer than five seats each. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on job creation, anti-corruption measures and infrastructure projects. No candidates won an outright majority 1/31/2018 1:00:12 PMPARLINE recent elections : UNITED KINGDOM (House of Commons) first elections after the Brexit referendum (see note) resulted in a hung parliament. Prime Minister Theresa May of the Conservative Party had called early elections, calling on voters' support for "a strong and stable government to get the best Brexit deal". The Conservative Party won the elections but lost the parliamentary majority. The Labour Party, led by Mr. Jeremy Corbyn, increased its share of seats from 232 to 262, while promising to work for "a jobs-first Brexit that allows us to 6/12/2018 2:57:14 PMPARLINE recent elections : GAMBIA (THE) (National Assembly) United Democratic Party (UDP, see note 1) won an absolute majority with 31 seats in the 58-member National Assembly. The 2017 elections were the first to be held under the presidency of Mr. Adama Barrow who defeated the long-serving President Yahya Jammeh in the December 2016 presidential elections (see note 2). The former ruling party, the Alliance for Patriotic Re-Orientation and Construction (APRC), took only five seats, down from the 48 seats won during the 2012 elections boycotted by s4/26/2018 1:51:51 PMPARLINE recent elections : BULGARIA (National Assembly) for European Development of Bulgaria Party (GERB), led by former Prime Minister Boyko Borisov, became the largest party, winning 15 more seats than the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP, led by Ms. Korneliya Ninova). GERB failed to secure an outright majority though in the 240-member National Assembly. During the election campaigning, the major parties focused on economy, job creation and tax reform, promising to increase the minimum wage, pension and allowance for families. On 4 May, 3/1/2018 1:35:28 PMPARLINE recent elections : NETHERLANDS (House of Representatives ) 2017 elections returned an even more fragmented House of Representatives than in the previous legislature: 13 parties, up from 11 previously, entered the House of Representatives, the highest number of parties since 1972 (14 parties). Prime Minister Mark Rutte's People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) remained the largest party, but reduced its share from 41 seats to 33. VVD's coalition partner, the Labour Party (PvdA), lost nearly 30 seats, taking nine. The Party for Freedom (PVV), 2/28/2018 11:29:19 AMPARLINE recent elections : UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (House of Representatives) Republicans retained the control of the House of Representatives and the Senate, albeit with a reduced majority. Mr. Donald Trump, the Republican nominee, defeated Ms. Hillary Clinton of the Democratic Party to become President of the United States (see note). The presidential election campaign pushed congressional elections to the background. Mr. Trump, a wealthy businessman, pledged to "Make America Great Again". He promised to create more jobs, tighten US borders and renegotiate free6/7/2018 5:05:41 PMPARLINE recent elections : SOUTH AFRICA (National Assembly) Jacob Zuma's African National Congress (ANC) won the elections, taking 249 of the 400 seats at stake in the National Assembly. The main opposition Democratic Alliance (DA), led by Ms. Helen Zille, came in second with 89 seats, up from 67 in the previous legislature. Four parties entered Parliament for the first time. They include the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), a new party led by former leader of ANC's Youth League, Mr. Julius Malema, which came in third with 25 seats. The remain6/12/2018 4:23:44 PM