PARLINE: recent parliamentary elections - IPU Every parliamentary election in the world is reported in PARLINE. All data is regularly cross-checked with parliaments. Election reports include the background to the election and of course the election results. The results contain statistics on the distribution of votes and seats among political parties, as well as a breakdown of seats by sex and, when available, by the age and profession of members of parliament. A brief summary of the electoral system is also available for each parliamentary chamber. This newsfeed offers quick access to the results of the most recent parliamentary elections in PARLINE. en-gb PARLINE: updates to general information on parliaments - IPU PARLINE recent elections : TONGA (Legislative Assembly) elections in 2017 gave a resounding victory to the former Prime Minister 'Akilisi Pohiva, dismissed by the King in August. Independent candidates (see note 1) supporting Mr. Pohiva took 14 of the 17 directly-elected seats - up from eight previously - in the 30-member Legislative Assembly (see note 2). Two women were elected, compared to none in 2014. Lord Tangi became the Acting Speaker to oversee the process of electing a Prime Minister. On 18 December, the Legislative Assembly re-elected1/22/2018 4:34:41 PMPARLINE recent elections : ICELAND (Parliament) elections in 2017, held only one year after the previous elections, returned another fragmented Parliament. Prime Minister Bjarni Benediktsson's Independence Party (IP) remained the largest party in the 63-member Parliament, taking 16 seats, down from 21. Its coalition partner, the Reform Party also lost seats, taking four, while its former coalition partner, Bright Future, failed to win parliamentary representation. The Left-Green Movement (LGM), led by Ms. KatrÝn Jakobsdˇttir (LGM), rema1/31/2018 1:32:46 PMPARLINE recent elections : CZECH REPUBLIC (Chamber of Deputies) the 2013 elections (which led to a three-party coalition government, see note), no party won an outright majority in 2017. Former Finance Minister Andrej Babis' ANO party came first, taking 78 seats in the 200-member Chamber of Deputies. The Civic Democratic Party (ODS, led by Mr. Petr Fiala) came a distant second with 25 seats. Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka's Czech Social Democratic Party (CSSD) and another party in the coalition government took 15 seats each. Freedom and Direct Democra12/8/2017 5:05:21 PMPARLINE recent elections : AUSTRIA (National Council) in previous elections, no party won an outright majority in the 183-member National Council in these snap elections called one year before they were constitutionally due. The People's Party (ÍVP), led by Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz, came first with 62 seats, winning 11 more than the Social Democratic Party (SPÍ), led by Prime Minister Christian Kern. The Freedom Party (FPÍ), led by Mr. Heinz-Christian Strache, closely followed. On 20 October, President Alexander Van der Bellen (indepe1/31/2018 12:59:23 PMPARLINE recent elections : LIBERIA (House of Representatives) in the previous elections, no party won a majority in the 73-member House of Representatives (see note). The Congress for Democratic Change (CDC), led by soccer legend and Senator George Weah (CDC), came first with 21 seats. The ruling Unity Party (UP) came second with 19 seats. Other parties took fewer than five seats each. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on job creation, anti-corruption measures and infrastructure projects. No candidates won an outright majority 1/31/2018 1:00:12 PMPARLINE recent elections : UNITED KINGDOM (House of Commons) first elections after the Brexit referendum (see note) resulted in a hung parliament. Prime Minister Theresa May of the Conservative Party had called early elections, calling on voters' support for "a strong and stable government to get the best Brexit deal". The Conservative Party won the elections but lost the parliamentary majority. The Labour Party, led by Mr. Jeremy Corbyn, increased its share of seats from 232 to 262, while promising to work for "a jobs-first Brexit that allows us to 1/26/2018 4:34:21 PMPARLINE recent elections : LESOTHO (National Assembly) Prime Minister Thomas Thabane's All Basotho Convention (ABC) came first in snap elections but failed to win an outright majority. On 16 June, Mr. Thabane was again sworn in as Prime Minister in a new coalition government, comprising his ABC, the Alliance of Democrats (AD), the Basotho National Party (BNP) and the Reformed Congress of Lesotho (RCL), which jointly hold 63 seats in the 121-member National Assembly. The 2017 elections - the third poll in five years - were triggered after11/22/2017 2:09:04 PMPARLINE recent elections : GAMBIA (THE) (National Assembly) United Democratic Party (UDP, see note 1) won an absolute majority with 31 seats in the 58-member National Assembly. The 2017 elections were the first to be held under the presidency of Mr. Adama Barrow who defeated the long-serving President Yahya Jammeh in the December 2016 presidential elections (see note 2). The former ruling party, the Alliance for Patriotic Re-Orientation and Construction (APRC), took only five seats, down from the 48 seats won during the 2012 elections boycotted by s12/14/2017 1:47:44 PMPARLINE recent elections : BULGARIA (National Assembly) for European Development of Bulgaria Party (GERB), led by former Prime Minister Boyko Borisov, became the largest party, winning 15 more seats than the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP, led by Ms. Korneliya Ninova). GERB failed to secure an outright majority though in the 240-member National Assembly. During the election campaigning, the major parties focused on economy, job creation and tax reform, promising to increase the minimum wage, pension and allowance for families. On 4 May, 3/1/2018 1:35:28 PMPARLINE recent elections : NETHERLANDS (House of Representatives ) 2017 elections returned an even more fragmented House of Representatives than in the previous legislature: 13 parties, up from 11 previously, entered the House of Representatives, the highest number of parties since 1972 (14 parties). Prime Minister Mark Rutte's People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) remained the largest party, but reduced its share from 41 seats to 33. VVD's coalition partner, the Labour Party (PvdA), lost nearly 30 seats, taking nine. The Party for Freedom (PVV), 2/28/2018 11:29:19 AMPARLINE recent elections : THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA (Assembly of the Republic) party won an outright majority in the 123-member Assembly of the Republic, which led the country to months of political uncertainty. Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski's VMRO-DPMNE-led coalition won two more seats than the coalition led by the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia (SDSM) of Mr. Zoran Zaev. On 9 January 2017, President Gjorge Ivanov (VMRO-DPMNE) tasked Mr. Gruevski with forming a new government. However, the VMRO-DPMNE and its coalition partner, the Democratic Union for Integratio11/2/2017 10:13:51 AMPARLINE recent elections : SAN MARINO (Great and General Council) coalition (see note 1) defeated the ruling San Marino First coalition (see note 2) in the second round of parliamentary elections. The run-offs were necessary after the Democracy in Motion coalition (see note 3) scored highly in the first round, preventing the two major coalitions from winning the required 35 seats in the 60-member Great and General Council in the first round (see note 4). A record 14 women were elected. The 2016 elections were the third consecutive early ele10/2/2017 10:00:37 AMPARLINE recent elections : UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (House of Representatives) Republicans retained the control of the House of Representatives and the Senate, albeit with a reduced majority. Mr. Donald Trump, the Republican nominee, defeated Ms. Hillary Clinton of the Democratic Party to become President of the United States (see note). The presidential election campaign pushed congressional elections to the background. Mr. Trump, a wealthy businessman, pledged to "Make America Great Again". He promised to create more jobs, tighten US borders and renegotiate free1/16/2018 5:05:15 PMPARLINE recent elections : ZAMBIA (National Assembly) Patriotic Front (PF), led by President Edgar Lungu, won the majority of the 156 directly elected seats in the enlarged 167-member National Assembly (see note 1). The United Party for National Development (UPND) of Mr. Hakainde Hichelema doubled its share to 58 seats and became the second largest party. The Movement for Multi-party Democracy (MMD, which held power for 20 years until 2011, see note 2), took only three seats. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on the econ11/2/2017 2:43:19 PMPARLINE recent elections : AUSTRALIA (Senate) Liberal National coalition, led by Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, reduced its share but retained an outright majority in the 150-member House of Representatives. It also became the largest force in the 76-member Senate. The Australian Labor Party (ALP), led by Mr. Bill Shorten, increased the number of seats won from 55 to 69 in the House of Representatives. During the election campaigning, the major parties focused on the health system, child care, tax cuts and climate change. The 201612/14/2017 2:30:33 PMPARLINE recent elections : SOUTH AFRICA (National Assembly) Jacob Zuma's African National Congress (ANC) won the elections, taking 249 of the 400 seats at stake in the National Assembly. The main opposition Democratic Alliance (DA), led by Ms. Helen Zille, came in second with 89 seats, up from 67 in the previous legislature. Four parties entered Parliament for the first time. They include the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), a new party led by former leader of ANC's Youth League, Mr. Julius Malema, which came in third with 25 seats. The remain1/23/2018 4:12:37 PM