In this section:
Setting standards and guidelines
Strengthening representative institutions
Promoting inclusive parliaments
  FAQ on minority representation
Promoting and defending human rights
Partnership between men and women
Promoting knowledge of parliaments
International Day of Democracy
Global Parliamentary Report
Guide on parliament and democracy
Key documents
Related sections:
Cooperation with the UN
Peace and security
Sustainable development
What is the IPU?


  Resources on minority representation
  in parliament

Project documents, questionnaire, information about the Advisory Group of parliamentarians and experts, and links to external resources on the representation of minorities and indigenous peoples in parliament are available from this page.


The questionnaire is in PDF format, with the exception of the Appendix to Part A which is in Microsoft® Word format. You can enter and save your responses in a specially formatted fillable form. To view and complete the questionnaire, you will need Adobe Reader, which you can download free of charge from the web. If you have an old version of Adobe Reader, you may need to upgrade your software.

To obtain the questionnaire in Word format, please write to postbox@mail.ipu.org

Guidelines for completing the questionnairePDF [English] [French] [Spanish]
Part AParliamentsPDF [English] [French] [Spanish]
Appendix to Part AMS Word [English] [French] [Spanish]
Part BParliamentary groupsPDF [English] [French] [Spanish]
Part CParliamentariansPDF [English] [French] [Spanish]
Covering letter by the IPU Secretary GeneralPDF [English] [French] [Spanish]


The following documents, including those prepared for the Advisory Group, can be downloaded from this site:

Project descriptionPDF [English] [French]
Desk review of projects and literature on the representation of minorities and indigenous peoples (September 2008)PDF [English] [French]
Report of the first meeting of the Advistory Group (September 2008)PDF [English] [French]
Report on the UNDP -IPU Consultation on Minority Representation in Parliament (March 2007)PDF [English] [French]
FAQs on the representation of minorities and indigenous peoples in parliamentPDF [English] [French]
Report of the Panel Discussion on "Managing Diversity" (April 2009)PDF [English] [French]
Report of the side-event "Promoting inclusive parliaments: The effective participation of indigenous peoples in decision-making. UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues" (April 2010) PDF [English] [French] [Spanish]


The representation of minorities and indigenous peoples in parliament: A global overview PDF [English] [French] [Spanish]
Interviews with parliamentarians
Diversity in parliament: Listening to the voices of minorities and indigenous peoples
PDF [English] [French] [Spanish]
Case studies
The Hidden Minorities: Representing ethnic minorities and indigenous peoples in Cambodia PDF [English] [French] [Spanish]
Representation of Minorities in the Romanian Parliament PDF [English] [French] [Spanish]
The Saami and the National Parliaments - Channels for Political Influence PDF [English] [French] [Spanish]
Representation from the top: Ethnic Minorities in the National Assembly of Viet Nam PDF [English] [French] [Spanish]


The Advisory Group is composed of members designated by UNDP and IPU for a period of one year, renewable. Its members include representatives of parliaments, international institutions, minority and indigenous groups, and academia.

The Members of the Advisory Group:

  • Review drafts and provide technical inputs to the questionnaire designed to gather data on the representation of minorities and indigenous peoples in parliament;
  • Provide guidance and suggestions on the nature of the research to be carried out, the tools to be developed and the advocacy strategies to be implemented within the project;
  • Identify knowledge resources on the representation of minorities and indigenous peoples in parliament;
  • Provide advice on means of mobilizing support and modalities of cooperation;
  • Advise the IPU and UNDP on future plans and strategies by highlighting new areas of work and emerging trends.

Ms. Jean AugustineFormer Member of the House of Commons, Former Minister of State for Multiculturalism and Status of Women, Canada
Mr. Antti KorkeakiviCoordinator, Indigenous Peoples and Minorities Unit, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
Mr. Alain ChablaisHead a.i. of the Secretariat of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, Directorate General of Human Rights and Legal Affairs, Council of Europe
Mr. Krzysztof DrzewickiSenior Legal Adviser , OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities
Mr. Ngo Anh DzungVice-Chair of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the National Assembly, Viet Nam
Ms. Syada GreissMember of the People’s National Assembly, Egypt
Ms. Georgeta IonescuSecretary of State for Defense, Romania
Mr. Martin KovatsLecturer in politics, University of London
Mr. Mark LattimerExecutive Director, Minority Rights Group International
Ms. Gay McDougallUnited Nations Independent Expert on Minorities
Mr. Andy ReynoldsAssociate Professor in the Department of Political Science, University of North Carolina
Ms. Catalina SoberanisFormer Technical high functionary in the Central American Program for the Strengthening of the Democratic Dialogue (Organization of the American States), UNDP Political Advisor (Guatemala)

The Advisory Group uses both virtual communications and face-to-face meetings. Its Members maintain throughout the year a close relationship with the IPU, UNDP and consultants mandated by the project. The Advisory Group meets physically at least once a year.

The report of the first meeting of the Advisory Group, held in September 2008, can be downloaded from this site.


A growing number of documents and other resources on the representation of minorities and indigenous peoples in parliament are available on the web. A collection of relevant links is listed below. To suggest a useful resource, please contact the IPU.

Normative framework