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Senado (Senate)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Presidency module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Congreso de la nación / National Congress
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Senado / Senate
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Cámara de Diputados / Chamber of Deputies
Title President of the Senate
Term - duration: 4 years (coincides with the Vice-President mandate), may be reelected
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, dissolution of the Senate, death
Appointment - elected by Senators at the Presidential elections (he/she is the Vice-President of the country)
- after Members' mandates are validated and Members are sworn in
Eligibility any Member of the House may be candidate
Voting system - formal vote by public ballot (orally) in only one round
- absolute majority is required
Procedures / results - previous period authorities preside the Preparatory Session in order to elect the new authorities
- authorities in charge of the Preparatory Session supervise the voting
- the Parliamentary Secretary announces the results without any delay
- no challenge is possible
Status - ranks second (as Vice-President of the country) in the hierarchy of State after the Head of State
- precedes the President of the Chamber of Deputies and presides over joint sittings of both Chambers
- represents the Senate with the public authorities or in official ceremonies
- may represent the Senate in international bodies and conferences
- in the absence of the President, the Provisional President and the 1st and 2nd Vice-Presidents assume his/her role and functions
Material facilities - monthly allowance paid by Public Treasure, as other Senators or Deputies
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- establishes and modifies the agenda throughout the Parliamentary Affairs Plenary
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- refers texts to a committee for study
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the Senate
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up and selects which amendments are to be debated
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the adopted texts and the records of debates
- interprets the rules of other regulations governing the life of the Senate
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates
Special powers - is responsible for establishing the Senate's budget
- recruits, assigns and promotes staff
- appoints the Clerk
- organizes only certain services of the Senate

Others powers :
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates
- provides guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion
- proposes bills or amendments, only as Senator
- intervenes in the parliamentary oversight procedure
- refers laws to the Executive Power to be promulgated
- ensures the constitutionality of laws by checking and controlling the fulfillment of its provisions
- may be consulted in certain circumstances

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