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Senado de la República (Senate)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Presidency module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Congreso / Congress
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Senado de la República / Senate
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Cámara de Representantes / House of Representatives
Title President of the Senate
Term - duration: 1 year (term of session), (ineligible for re-election)
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death, dissolution
Appointment - elected by the Members of the Senate
Eligibility - any Senator may be a candidate
- notification of candidature must be made the day of the election
Voting system - free formal vote by secret or public ballot
- direct, one-round majority vote
Procedures / results - the outgoing President and the Clerk preside over the Senate during the voting
- the Clerk supervises the voting together with the President's office and the committee of tellers appointed to this end
- the Clerk announces the results without delay
- the results cannot be challenged
Status - ranks third in the hierarchy of State
- ranks first in the order of precedence between the Presidents of the two Chambers
- presides over joint meetings of both Chambers
- represents the Senate with the public authorities
- represents the Senate in international bodies
- in the absence of the President, the Vice President can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the Governing Board is set up under and regulated by a law
- consists of three Members and the Clerk: Chairman (First Vice President, Second Vice President, Clerk)
- elected for a one year term, ineligible for re-election
- meets once weekly, and at the President's initiative
Material facilities - allowance equivalent to that of the Senators
- official car
- secretaries and advisers
- bodyguards
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- establishes and modifies the agenda
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- refers texts to an arbitration body
- examines the admissibility of requests for setting up committees and/or committees of enquiry, proposes or decides on the setting-up of such committees
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up, together with the Clerk
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- has discretionary power (like any Senator) to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates
Special powers - is responsible for establishing the budget, together with the Budget and Financial Division
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Senate
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates
- provides guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion
- takes part in voting as a member of the Senate
- proposes bills or amendments
- intervenes in the parliamentary oversight procedure as a member of the Senate
- can express an opinion on the constitutionality of laws
- is not empowered to appoint the members of the Constitutional Court, but can vote for and elect the members of other courts or bodies (Comptroller-General of the Republic, Vice-President of the Republic, Magistrate of the Jurisdictional Chamber of the High Council of the Magistrature, Ombudsman, etc.)

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