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Knesset (Parliament)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Presidency module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Knesset / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title Speaker of the Knesset
Term - duration: 4 years (term of House)
- reasons for interruption of the term: dissolution of the Assembly, death
Appointment - elected by all the Members of the Knesset
- the election is held the same day or a few days after the installation of the new Parliament
- after the Members are sworn in
Eligibility - any Member may be candidate
Voting system - formal vote, by public ballot (by show of hands), by simple majority
Procedures / results - the oldest Member of Parliament presides the election
- the Secretary General supervises the voting
- the oldest Member announces the results immediatly after the ballots have been counted
- the results cannot be challenged
Status - is acting Head of State when the President of Israel is out of the country
- represents the Assembly in international bodies
- in the absence of the Speaker, one of the Deputy Speakers is appointed by resolution of the House Committee to assume his/her role and functions
Board - the Praesidium is composed of 7 Deputy Speakers whose term of office is the same as the Speaker
Material facilities - allowance (same scale as Prime Minister)
- official car
- official residence
- domestic staff
- secretariat
- additional staff
- protection on official occasions

Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- establishes and modifies the agenda
Chairing of public sittings - opens, adjourns and closes sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up and selects which amendments are to be debated
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in case of irregularities
- checks the quorum
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Assembly
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates
Special powers - proposes the Knesset's budget to a joint body consisting of the Committee of the House and to the Finance Committee
- recruits, assigns and promotes staff
- appoints the Secretary General
- organizes the services of Parliament

- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety and, in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - provides guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion
- takes part in voting

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