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Nationalrat - Conseil national - Consiglio nazionale (National Council)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Presidency module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Bundesversammlung - Assemblée fédérale - Assemblea federale / Federal Assembly
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Nationalrat - Conseil national - Consiglio nazionale / National Council
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Ständerat - Conseil des Etats - Consiglio degli Stati / Council of States
Title President of the National Council
Term - duration: 1 year
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death
Appointment - elected by the Members of the Council
- the election is held every year at the beginning of the winter session, following validation of Members' mandates and swearing-in
Eligibility - all Members of the Council (barring the outgoing President) can be candidates
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- an absolute majority of the valid ballots cast is required
- several rounds if no candidate obtains the required majority
- the first two rounds are free - however, starting with the third round, the candidate with the fewest votes must withdraw
Procedures / results - the oldest Member presides over the Chamber during the voting
- the tellers supervise the voting
- the presiding officer of the sitting announces the results without delay
- the results cannot be challenged
Status - ranks fourth in the hierarchy of State, after the President of the Confederation, the Vice-President of the Federal Council and the five other federal councillors
- ranks first in the order of precedence between the Presidents of the two Houses
- presides over joint sittings of both Houses (Federal Assembly)
- represents the National Council in international bodies
- presides ex officio over the Board, the administrative delegation, the Co-ordinating Conference and, at present, the delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the OSCE
- in case of absence, the President is replaced by the Vice-President or former President who is still an MP. Should a vacancy arise before the beginning of the summer session, the Council elects a new President without delay
Board - The Board is regulated by the Standing Orders of the National Council
- consists of 15 Members (President, Vice-President, tellers, 9 presidents of groups)
- a 4-year term for tellers - the groups elects their presidents
- meets before each session and as need be during sessions at the President's initiative
- is a decision-making body
Material facilities - allowance
- additional allowance of SF 20,000
- official car
- secretariat for the President's Office
Organization of parliamentary business - establishes and modifies the agenda, while respecting the timetable laid down by the Board
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the Council (e.g. reads out the agenda for the next sitting of the National Council
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the texts adopted and the records of debates
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Council
Special powers - takes part in the establishment of the budget as part of the administrative delegation, together with the President of the other Chamber
- confirms certain appointments made by the administrative delegation
- takes part in the appointment of the Secretary General as part of the Co-ordinating Conference - this appointment is, formally speaking, within the competence of the government
- is consulted with regard to the organization of the services of Parliament
- is regularly briefed by the government on the foreign relations situation, on planned projects within the framework of international organizations and on negotiations conducted with foreign States
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments, in agreement with the Co-ordinating Conference
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates (in which case he lets the Deputy President preside)
- only votes in case of a tie
- proposes bills or amendments

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