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Parlament (Parliament)

A historical Archive of past election results for this chamber can be found on a separate page

Parliament name (generic / translated) Parlament / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 6 March 2005
Purpose of elections Elections were held for all seats in Parliament on the normal expiry of the members' term of office.
The fourth parliamentary elections since independence in 1991 were held on 6 March 2005. A total of 1,123 candidates from eleven political parties and blocs and 12 independent candidates contested the elections in the country of 4.3 million inhabitants, of whom approximately 2.37 million were eligible voters. Some 367,000 Moldavans living abroad could also vote at embassies. In the region of Dniester, where authorities had refused to open any polling stations on their territory, nine special polling stations were set up on the left bank of the Dniester river to enable citizens to participate in the elections.

Before the elections, the Party of Moldovan Communists (PCRM), led by President Vladimir Voronin, held 71 seats. The party faced challenges from both the pro-Russian and pro-Romanian opposition. The pro-Russian Democratic Moldova Bloc (BMD) was composed of 16 centrist and centre-right parties. It was led by Mr. Dumitru Braghis, the former prime minister, and Mr. Serafim Urechean, mayor of the capital Chisinau. The pro-Romanian opposition was the rightist Christian Democratic Popular Party (PPCD) of Mr. Iurie Rosca, reported to be anti-Communist. However, according to several analysts, the Communists had been seeking an alliance with PPCD, the third major political force. The oldest political party, the Social Democratic Party of Moldova (PSDM), set up in 1991, was seeking to surpass the six per cent threshold required to enter parliament and was reportedly expected to obtain a seat under its new leader, Mr. Ion Musuc.

Although President Voronin was elected in 2001 on a platform promising to foster significantly closer ties with Moscow, he radically changed his policy midway through his term to seek closer links with Europe. Regarding the separatist movement in the Dniester region, he called for a complete withdrawal of Russian troops and the deployment of European peacekeepers. The separatists opposed such an idea.

Over 2,300 local and 817 foreign observers, mainly from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council of Europe, monitored the elections. Afterwards, the OSCE announced that the Moldovan elections had generally complied with most OSCE and Council of Europe commitments and other international election standards. It noted, however, that they had fallen short of some key commitments regarding campaign conditions and media access.

Turnout was recorded at 64.84 per cent, surpassing the 50 per cent needed to validate the vote.

Mr. Voronin's PCRM obtained 45.98 per cent of the vote, down from 50 per cent in 2001. The party retained its majority in parliament with 56 seats, although it was five short of the 61 seats required to elect the president. BMD doubled its vote to 28.53 per cent (34 seats), while the PPCD slightly increased its share by securing 9.07 per cent of the vote (11 seats). Yet again, PSDM did not reach the threshold of six per cent.

The new parliament held its first session on 24 March 2005 and elected Mr. Marian Lupu as speaker.

On 4 April, the parliament re-elected Mr. Vladimir Voronin as president of the Republic. He received 75 of the 78 votes (23 members from the BMD did not participate in the vote) from the ruling PCRM and the opposition PPCD. President Voronin was sworn into office on 7 April for his second and last term according to Moldova's constitution.
Voter turnout
Round no 16 March 2005
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
1'576'079 (64.84%)
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
Party of Moldovan Communists (PCRM) 716'336 45.98
Democratic Moldova Bloc (BMD) 444'377 28.53
Christian Democratic Popular Party (PPCD) 141'341 9.07
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total
Party of Moldovan Communists (PCRM) 56
Democratic Moldova Bloc (BMD) 34
Christian Democratic Popular Party (PPCD) 11
Distribution of seats according to sex
Percent of women
Distribution of seats according to age
21 to 30 years
31 to 40 years
41 to 50 years
51 to 60 years
61 to 70 years
Over 70 years
Distribution of seats according to profession
Engineers/PC experts 35
Educators 14
Legal professions 12
Economists 10
Scientists 10
Media-related professions (journalists/publishers) 6
Others 5
Agronomists 5
Medical professions (doctors, dentists, nurses) 4
- IPU Group (06.10.2005; 06.03.2006)

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