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Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Last elections module

A historical Archive of past election results for this chamber can be found on a separate page

Parliament name Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)23 February 2006
28 August 2006
Purpose of elections Elections were held for all directly elected seats.
On 23 February 2006 multi-party parliamentary elections were held in parallel with presidential elections. Political party activities had been banned in 1986 following the introduction of a "no-party" system known as the Movement by President Yoweri Museveni. The multi-party system was re-introduced by a referendum in July 2005 which also lifted the two-term limit for the post of president.

At the 2006 elections the principal opposition to President Museveni's National Resistance Movement (NRM) came from the Forum for Democratic Change (FDC) led by Dr. Kizza Besigye. In November 2005 Dr. Besigye was charged with treason terrorism and rape although a February 2006 court decision to adjourn trial proceedings allowed him to participate in the elections. Other parties contesting the poll included the Democratic Party (DP) led by Mr. John Ssebaana Kizito and the Uganda People's Congress (UPC) led by Mr. Miria Obote.

In all 992 candidates contested the parliamentary elections: 799 in the 215 constituencies and 193 in 69 of the district seats reserved for women. The NRM nominated candidates in all constituencies of whom 16 were unopposed. The FDC backed a total of 174 candidates. The DP and the UPC endorsed about 80 candidates each and there were 351 independent candidates.

As on previous occasions the economy and the rebellion in northern Uganda led by the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) were the main electoral issues. The NRM fought the elections with the slogan "Prosperity for All" pledging to transform Uganda into a modern united and prosperous society. President Museveni also promised to intensify operations against the LRA. Meanwhile the FDC called on voters to support its five-point manifesto under the slogan "One Uganda One People" and pledged to enhance unity and peace in the country. During the election campaign two FDC supporters were reportedly killed by armed men on 15 February.

Approximately 68 per cent of the 10.4 million registered voters turned out at the polls. International observers from the Commonwealth the African Union the East African Community and the European Union (EU) monitored the poll. The EU concluded the elections were generally well-administered transparent competitive and relatively peaceful while highlighting a lack of civic and voter education about the transition to the multi-party system.

The final results gave the NRM a total of 206 seats followed by the FDC with 37 seats. The UPC and the DP won nine and eight seats respectively. Independent candidates also secured 37 seats. Some 80 sitting members of parliament including 17 ministers lost their seats.

On 25 February 2006 the Electoral Commission announced that President Museveni had been re-elected with 59 per cent of the vote while his main rival Dr. Besigye had obtained 37 per cent. Dr. Besigye challenged the election results claiming irregularities and electoral fraud. On 6 April the Supreme Court dismissed the petition judging that the irregularities had not substantially affected the election results. On 12 May Mr. Museveni was sworn in as President for a third term.

The newly-elected Parliament held its first session on 18 May 2006 and re-elected Mr. Edward Kiwanuka Ssekandi of the NRM as its Speaker.

Elections were held on 28 August 2006 for Women District Representatives in 10 of the 11 new districts increasing the total number of seats held by women to 99.
Voter turnout
Round no 123 February 2006
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes

Round no 228 August 2006
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
National Resistance Movement (NRM) 275
Forum for Democratic Change (FDC) 174
Uganda People's Congress (UPC) 88
Democratic Party (DP) 81
Conservative Party (CP)
Justice Forum of Uganda (JEEMA)
Round no 2
Political Group Candidates Votes %
National Resistance Movement (NRM)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total Constituency District woman Other indirect seats
National Resistance Movement (NRM) 206 141 51 14
Forum for Democratic Change (FDC) 37 27 10 0
Independents 37 28 8 1
Uganda People's Congress (UPC) 9 9 0 0
Democratic Party (DP) 8 8 0 0
Conservative Party (CP) 1 1 0 0
Justice Forum of Uganda (JEEMA) 1 1 0 0
Round no 2
Political Group Total Constituency District woman Other indirect seats
National Resistance Movement (NRM) 7 7
Independents 3 3
Distribution of seats according to sex
Percent of women
Distribution of seats according to age
21 to 30 years
31 to 40 years
41 to 50 years
51 to 60 years
61 to 70 years
Over 70 years
Distribution of seats according to profession
Unknown 48
Civil/public servants/administrators (including social/development workers) 46
Educators 45
Others 38
Bankers (including invest bankers)/accountants 36
Legal professions 32
Scientists 14
Farmers/agricultural workers (including wine growers) 11
Medical professions (doctors dentists nurses) 11
Military/police officers 10
Economists 10
Business/trade/industry employees including executives 9
Engineers/PC experts 6
Consultants (including real estate agents) 5
Media-related professions (journalists/publishers) 4
Liberal professions (including artists authors) and sports professionals 3
Architects 2
Clerical occupations 2
Note on 'Distribution of seats' (Round no 1):
- "Constituency" refers to 215 constituency representatives
- "District Woman" refers to 69 Women District Representatives;
- "Other indirect seats" include: (a) 5 Youth Representatives (b) 5 Representatives of disabled persons and (c) 5 Workers' Representatives . At least one member of each category must be a woman.
In addition there are 13 ex-officio members and 10 members representing the Uganda People's Defence Forces.

The statistics above include the results of the by-election held on 30 June 2006 to replace an elected NRM candidate who had passed away before taking the oath for members of parliament. Another NRM candidate won the seat in the by-election thus giving the party a total of 206 seats.

Note on 'Distribution of seats' (Round no 2)
Elections were not held in one district meaning that one seat for Women District Representatives remained vacant as at 10 January 2007.

Breakdown of the 99 seats won by women:
- Constituency Representatives: 14
- Women District Representatives: 79 (one District seat remains vacant)
- Youth Representatives : 1
- Representatives of disabled persons: 1
- Workers Representatives: 2
- Representatives of the Uganda People's Defense Forces: 2

- Parliament (03.04.2006; 07.06.2006; 13.06.2006 28.06.2006 10.01.2007 01.01.2007 01.01.2010)
- http://www.ec.or.ug/

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