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Nationalrat (National Council)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Last elections module

A historical Archive of past election results for this chamber can be found on a separate page

Parliament name (generic / translated) Parlament / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Nationalrat / National Council
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Bundesrat / Federal Council
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 15 October 2017
Purpose of elections As in previous elections, no party won an outright majority in the 183-member National Council in these snap elections called one year before they were constitutionally due. The People's Party (ÖVP), led by Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz, came first with 62 seats, winning 11 more than the Social Democratic Party (SPÖ), led by Prime Minister Christian Kern. The Freedom Party (FPÖ), led by Mr. Heinz-Christian Strache, closely followed.

On 20 October, President Alexander Van der Bellen (independent, supported by the Greens) tasked ÖVP leader Kurz with forming a new government. On 24 October, Mr. Kurz announced that he would invite the FPÖ for coalition talks, and on 18 December, he was sworn in as Prime Minister of an ÖVP-FPÖ coalition government, thereby becoming the youngest (31 years old) head of government in the European Union. The ÖVP and FPÖ had previously formed a coalition government in 2000.

The 2017 elections followed presidential elections in 2016. Prime Minister Werner Faymann (SPÖ) resigned in May 2016 and was succeeded by Mr. Kern. In May 2017, ÖVP leader Reinhold Mitterlehner resigned, citing infighting in the government, and was succeeded by Mr. Kurz. The government collapsed shortly afterwards, triggering early elections in October. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on migration, border control, the reduction of benefits for immigrants and tax reforms.
Date of previous elections: 29 September 2013

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 9 November 2017

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: October 2022

Number of seats at stake: 183 (full renewal renewal)

Number of candidates: 2,047

Percentage of women candidates: Not available.

Number of parties contesting the election: 16

Number of parties winning seats: 5

Alternation of power: Yes

Number of parties in government: 2

Names of parties in government: People's Party (ÖVP), Freedom Party (FPÖ)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 9 November 2017

Name of the new Speaker: Ms. Elisabeth Köstinger (People's Party, ÖVP)
Voter turnout
Round no 115 October 2017
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
5'120'879 (80%)

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
People's Party (ÖVP)
Social Democratic Party (SPÖ)
Freedom Party (FPÖ)
Neos-New Austria (NEOS)
Peter Pilz List (PILZ)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total
People's Party (ÖVP) 62
Social Democratic Party (SPÖ) 52
Freedom Party (FPÖ) 51
Neos-New Austria (NEOS) 10
Peter Pilz List (PILZ) 8
Distribution of seats according to sex
Percent of women
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
National Council (09.11.2017)
Associated Press

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