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Milli Mejlis (National Assembly)

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Parliament name (generic / translated) Milli Mejlis / National Assembly
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title Chairman of the National Assembly
Term - duration: 5 years (term of House)
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death, dissolution of the Assembly
Appointment - elected by the Members whose mandates have been validated
- the election is held on the first working day of the new Assembly(if at least 83 of the 120 Members are elected)
Eligibility - any Member may be a candidature but formal notification is required
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
a simple majority is required in the first round
- if no candidate obtains a simple majority, a second round is held for the two candidates who obtained the most votes
Procedures / results - the Chairperson of the Central Electoral Commission presides over the Assembly during the voting
- the members of the Counting Commission supervise the voting
- the Chairperson of the Counting Commission announces the results without delay
- the results cannot be challenged
Status - ranks second in the hierarchy of the State
- acts as Head of State in case of the death, resignation or impeachment of the President
- represents the Assembly in international bodies
- in the absence of the Chairman, the First Deputy Chairman can assume his/her role and functions
Material facilities - allowance
- official residence
- official car
- secretariat
- bodyguards
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- refers texts to a committee for study
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the Assembly
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up and selects which amendments are to be debated
- calls for a vote
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the texts adopted and the records of debates
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates
Special powers - is responsible for establishing the budget
- recruits, assigns and promotes key officials only
- appoints the Secretary General
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates
- provides guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion
- takes part in voting
- proposes bills or amendments
- intervenes in the parliamentary oversight procedure

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