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Jatiya Sangsad (Parliament)

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Parliament name (generic / translated) Jatiya Sangsad / Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title Speaker of Parliament
Term - duration: 5 years (term of House)
- reasons for interruption of the term: if he becomes Minister, if he ceases to be a Member of Parliament, if he is removed by resolution of the majority of the Members of the Assembly, in case of resignation, death and dissolution of the Parliament
Appointment - elected by all the Members of the Parliament
- election held at the first sitting of the new Parliament
- after Members are sworn in
Eligibility - any Member of the Parliament can be candidate
- formal notification is required
- deadline for notification of candidature: one hour before the time fixed for the election
Voting system - Speaker generally elected unanimously - by division
- if a voting is held, simple majority is required
Procedures / results - the outgoing Speaker (in his absence the outgoing Deputy Speaker) presides over the Assembly during the voting
- the tellers appointed by the Speaker supervise the voting
- the outgoing Speaker announces the results without any delay
- the results cannot be challenged
Status - ranks third in the hierarchy of the State
- may be called upon to replace the Head of State in the event of the latter's absence
- represents the Assembly in international bodies
- is ex officio Chairman of the Standing Committee on Rules of Procedures of Parliament and of the Business Advisory Committee
- in the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker can assume his/her role and functions
Material facilities - salary: 13,500 taka per month
- allowance: 5,000 taka per month
- official residence
- official car
- personal secretariat
- domestic staff
- body guards
- official telephone
Organization of parliamentary business - establishes and modifies the agenda
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- refers texts to a committee for study
- examines the admissibility of request for setting up committees and/or committees of enquiry, proposes or decides on the setting up of such committees
- nominates 4 Committees and their Chairmen (out of 46 Standing Committees)
Chairing of public sittings - can adjourn sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the Assembly
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up and selects which amendments are to be debated
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the adopted texts and the records of debates
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Assembly
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates
Special powers - recruits, assigns and promotes staff (recommendations by Selection Committees for higher posts)
- appoints the Clerk under recommendation of one of the Selection Committees
- organizes the services of Parliament with the Parliament Secretariat Commission
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - conducts the proceedings
- provides guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion
- takes part in voting in the event of a tie
- authenticates all bills passed by Parliament before submitting them to the President of the Republic
- takes the final decision relative to the constitutionality of laws in case of divergence in the House
- can appoint Members to corporate bodies (universities...)

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