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Hrvatski Sabor (Croatian Parliament)

This page contains the full text of the PARLINE database entry on the selected parliamentary chamber, with the exception of Oversight and Specialized bodies modules which, because of their excessive length, can be only viewed and printed separately.


Parliament name (generic / translated) Hrvatski Sabor / Croatian Parliament
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Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1992 -
President Gordan Jandrokovic (M) 
Notes Elected on 5 May 2017.
Secretary General Davor Orlovic (M) 
Notes Appointed on 14 Oct. 2016.
Members (statutory / current number) 151 / 151

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Women (current number) 28 (18.54%)
Mode of designation directly elected 151
Term 4 years
Last renewal dates 11 September 2016
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Address Croatian Parliament - Hrvatski sabor
Trg sv. Marka 6-7
10000 ZAGREB
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (3851) 456 92 22
630 32 22
Fax (3851) 630 30 08
E-mail sabor@sabor.hr


Parliament name (generic / translated) Hrvatski Sabor / Croatian Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral law 18 September 1995
Last amendments: 6 July 2010 (Constitution)
Mode of designation directly elected 151
Constituencies - 10 multi-member constituencies (14 seats each) in the area of the Republic of Croatia for 140 seats
- one special constituency (three seats) for Croatian citizens residing abroad (constituency No. 11)
- one national constituency (eight seats) reserved for the autochthonous national minorities (constituency No. 12)
Voting system Proportional: -140 are elected from 10 constituencies in the country, each constituency providing 14 MPs chosen from party lists or independent lists. The number of members chosen from each constituency list is established by the d'Hondt method. A list must win at least 5% of the votes to be entitled to a share of these seats.
- three are elected in a special constituency by Croatians residing abroad.
- 8 are elected by members of the national ethnic minorities in the country, in a special (national) constituency

Vacancies arising between general elections are filled by substitutes elected at the same time as titular members. An MP elected from a constituency list is substituted by a candidate from the same list nominated by the political party that proposed the list. An MP chosen in the ethnic minorities constituency is substituted by another candidate elected in the same constituency.

Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - Age: 18 years
- Croatian citizenship
Disqualifications: persons serving a sentence handed down by a court or persons declared to be legally incompetent.
Eligibility - Qualified electors
- age: 18 years
- Croatian citizenship
Incompatibilities - Judges of the Constitutional Court
- Officials in the judiciary
- Ambassadors and Consuls-General
- State and local government officials
- Active officer in the Armed Forces
- Members of the Board of companies or institutions whose majority owner is the State.
Candidacy requirements - Nomination by a registered political party or voters, either individually or jointly
- Candidatures submitted by individuals require a prescribed number of signatures by supporting voters. Voters can only support one non-party candidate, one state list or one special list. The following number of signatures are required:
-Candidatures submitted for single-member districts: 400 signatures
-Candidatures submitted under state lists: 5,000 signatures
-Candidatures submitted under special lists: 500 signatures
- Candidatures submitted by ethnic minorities under party or association lists: 100 signatures
- Candidatures by ethnic minorities under constituency lists: 500 signatures


Parliament name (generic / translated) Hrvatski Sabor / Croatian Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 11 September 2016
Timing and scope of renewal No party won an outright majority in the snap elections held only 10 months after the previous polls. The Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) and its allies (see note 1), now led by Mr. Andrej Plenkovic, came first, ahead of the People's Coalition led by the Social Democratic Party (SDP) (see note 2).

During the election campaign, the major parties focused on economic development, job creation for youth and the refugee/migration crisis in Europe.

The 2016 snap elections followed the collapse of the coalition government under the leadership of Mr. Tihomir Oreskovic (Independent), comprising the HDZ and the Bridge of Independent Lists (MOST). The coalition government, formed in January 2016, collapsed in June, due to a row over public administration reforms and corruption scandals. President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic (HDZ) called snap elections after the parliamentary parties failed to form a new government within the 30-day deadline.

Note 1:
The HDZ led the "Patriotic Coalition" in the 2015 elections.

Note 2:
The SDP led the "Croatia is Growing" coalition in 2015, which itself was a successor of the Alliance for Change (KUKURIKU) which won the 2011 elections.
Date of previous elections: 8 November 2015

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 15 July 2016

Timing of election: Early elections

Expected date of next elections: September 2020

Number of seats at stake: 151 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 2,456 (1,480 men, 976 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 39.7%

Number of parties contesting the election: 60*
*There were 177 lists.

Number of parties winning seats: 8*
*Including four coalitions.

Alternation of power: No*
*The previous government comprising the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) and the Bridge of Independent Lists (MOST) collapsed before the 2016 elections. However, the same parties formed a coalition government after the 2016 elections.

Number of parties in government: 2

Names of parties in government: Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), Independent Lists (MOST)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 14 October 2016

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Bozo Petrov (Bridge of Independent Lists, MOST)
Voter turnout
Round no 111 September 2016
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
1'979'277 (52.59%)

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) and its allies
People's Coalition (SDP-HNS-HSS-HSU)
Independent Lists (MOST)
Human Shield (Zivi zid) and its allies
Istrian Democratic Assembly (IDS)
Bandic Milan 365 and its allies
Croatian Democratic Party of Slavonia and Baranja (HDSSB)
Independent list of Zeljko Glasnovic
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats
Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) and its allies 61
People's Coalition (SDP-HNS-HSS-HSU) 54
Independent Lists (MOST) 13
Human Shield (Zivi zid) and its allies 8
Istrian Democratic Assembly (IDS) 3
Bandic Milan 365 and its allies 2
Croatian Democratic Party of Slavonia and Baranja (HDSSB) 1
Independent list of Zeljko Glasnovic 1
Distribution of seats according to sex


Percent of women


Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
The People's Coalition comprised the Social Democratic Party (SDP), the Croatian People's Party - Liberal Democrats (HNS), the Croatian Peasant Party (HSS) and the Croatian Party of Pensioners (HSU).

Sources :
Parliament (13.09.2016, 27.09.2016, 01.01.2017, 22.02.2017)


Parliament name (generic / translated) Hrvatski Sabor / Croatian Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title President of the Croatian Parliament
Term - duration: 4 years (term of House)
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, President's responsability called into question, dissolution of the Parliament, death
Appointment - elected by all the Representatives after the Chamber has been constituted
- after Members' mandates are validated and after Members are sworn in
Eligibility - any Member can be candidate
- notification is required
Voting system - formal vote by public ballot (secret only at the request of certain MPs) in one round, usually
- several rounds if the necessary majority has not been achieved - in this event, new candidates are admitted and those who have failed to obtain 1/3 of the vote must be withdrawn
Procedures / results - the oldest MP presides over the Assembly during the voting
- the oldest MP and possibly a group of MPs, when there is a secret voting, supervise the voting
- the oldest MP announces the results without any delay
- the results cannot be challenged
Status - ranks second in the hierarchy of State, after the Head of State
- comes before the President of the House of Zupanije
- represents the House with the public authorities
- represents the House in international bodies
- in the absence of the President, the first Vice-President can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the Inter-partisan collegiate body is regulated by Rules of Procedure and its internal rules
- consists of chairmen of all the Caucases: 5 Vice-Presidents + a varying number of MPs
- meets usually before sessions at the President's initiative
Material facilities - official car
- secretariat
- body guards
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- establishes and modifies the agenda
- refers texts to a committee for study
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- calls for a vote, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the adopted texts and the records of debates by signing them
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates
Special powers - is responsible for establishing the House's budget
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates
- provides guidelines for the completion of the text under discussion
- takes part in voting
- proposes bills or amendments, like any other MP
- takes care of the procedure concerning the passage of laws and others acts - signs the laws and acts adopted by the House and forwards them to the President of the Republic who promulgates them


Parliament name (generic / translated) Hrvatski Sabor / Croatian Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Nature of the mandate · Free representation (Art. 74 (1) of the Constitution of 22.12.1990, Art. 7 of the Law on Elections of Representatives to the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia)
Start of the mandate · When the mandates are validated
Validation of mandates · Validation by the House of Representatives. In case of challenge, the Constitutional Court is addressed (Art. 125 of the Constitution).
· Procedure. For the procedure in case of challenge, see Art. 53 to 58 of the Law on Elections of Representatives to the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia).
End of the mandate · When the mandates of newly elected MPs are validated, that is on the day when the newly elected Parliament meets (for early dissolution, see Art. 77 of the Constitution)
Can MPs resign? Yes · Yes, of their own free will (Art. 8 No. 1 of the Law on Elections of Representatives to the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia)
· Procedure: submission of a letter of resignation in writing to the President of the House of Representatives
· Authority competent to accept the resignation: the House of Representatives
Can MPs lose their mandate ? Yes (a) No revocation before expiry of mandate (Art. 7 of the Law on Elections of Representatives to the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia)
(b) Loss of mandate by judicial decision:
- Sentence of incompetence by final court decision (Art. 8 No. 2 of the Law on Elections of Representatives to the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia)
- Sentence to imprisonment for a period of more than six months by final court decision (Art. 8 No. 3 of the Law on Elections of Representatives to the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia)
Rank in hierarchy · Within Parliament:
1. The President
2. The Vice-Presidents
3. The chairmen of working bodies
4. The deputy chairmen of working bodies
5. The other MPs

Indemnities, facilities and services · Diplomatic or official passport
· Basic salary (see Art. 74 (2) of the Constitution):
+ Additional allowance:
· No exemption from tax
· Pension scheme (Law on the Rights of Representatives)
· Other facilities:
(a) Assistants
(b) Official housing
(c) Security guards for the President and the Vice-Presidents
(d) Postal and telephone services
(e) Travel and transport
(f) Others: life insurance
Obligation to declare personal assets No
Parliamentary immunity - parliamentary non-accountability · The concept does exist (Art. 75 (1) and (2) of the Constitution).
· Parliamentary non-accountability is limited to words spoken or written by MPs and votes cast within Parliament.
· Derogations: waiver of immunity
· Non-accountability takes effect on the day when the mandate begins and offers, after the expiry of the mandate, protection against prosecution for opinions expressed during the exercise of the mandate.
Parliamentary immunity - parliamentary inviolability · The concept does exist (Art. 75 (3) of the Constitution).
· It applies only to criminal proceedings, covers all offences with the exception of minor offences and protects MPs from arrest and from being held in preventive custody, and from the opening of judicial proceedings against them.
· Derogations: in cases of flagrante delicto, when caught in the act of committing a criminal offence which carries a penalty of imprisonment of more than five years, the consent of the House is not necessary. The President of the House shall be notified (Art. 75 (4) of the Constitution).
· Parliamentary inviolability does not prevent MPs from being called as witnesses before a judge or tribunal.
· Protection is provided from the start to the end of the mandate and between early dissolution of the House and the election of a new Parliament. It also covers judicial proceedings instituted against MPs before their election.
· Parliamentary immunity (inviolability) can be lifted (Art. 75 (3) of the Constitution:
- Competent authority: the House of Representatives
- Procedure. In this case, MPs must be heard. They do not have means of appeal.
· Parliament cannot subject the prosecution and/or detention to certain conditions.
· In the event of preventive custody or imprisonment, the MPs concerned cannot be authorised to attend sittings of Parliament.
Training · There is a training/initiation process on parliamentary practices and procedures for MPs.
· It is provided by political parties and the Professional Services of the House.
· Handbooks of parliamentary procedure:
- Rules of Procedure of the House of Representatives
Participation in the work of the Parliament · It is compulsory for MPs to be present at plenary sittings and committee meetings.
· No penalties are foreseen in case of failure to fulfil this obligation.
Discipline · The rules governing discipline within Parliament are contained in the Rules of Procedure of the House of Representatives.
· Disciplinary measures foreseen:
- Order to withdraw
- Suspension
· Specific cases:
- Offence or insult : disciplinary measures
. Competent body to judge such cases / to impose penalties: the chairperson
Code (rules) of conduct · This concept does not exist in the country's juridical system.
Relations between MPs and pressure group · There are no legal provisions in this field.

This page was last updated on 8 May 2017
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