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Yehizb Tewokayoch Mekir Bete (House of Peoples' Representatives)

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Parliament name -
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Yehizb Tewokayoch Mekir Bete / House of Peoples' Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Yefedereshein Mekir Bete / House of the Federation
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 24 May 2015
Purpose of elections Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn's Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) and its allies won all seats in the House of Peoples' Representatives. Two main opposition groups rejected the election results, arguing that their supporters were harassed. Those groups were Medrek ('Forum', founded in 2008 (see note)) and the Semayawi party ('Blue Party', established in 2012). No international observers monitored the elections. The African Union said the elections were "generally peaceful and calm ".

The elections were the first to be held under Prime Minister Desalegn. He succeeded Mr. Meles Zenawi, the long-serving Prime Minister and former President, who died in office in 2012. The EPRDF has been in power since 1991. During the election campaign, the party focused attention on its achievements while in government, citing stability, economic growth and development. The campaigning of opposition parties was reportedly invisible. Medrek used the slogan "I vote for clean hands" while the Semayawi party called for justice and freedom.

In the 2010 elections, the EPRDF and its allies took 545 of the 547 seats. Medrek, also known as the Ethiopian Federal Democratic Unity Forum (FORUM), became the sole voice of opposition represented in the outgoing legislature along with one independent member.
Date of previous elections: 23 May 2010

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: May 2020

Number of seats at stake: 547 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 1,828 (1,527 men, 301 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 16.6%

Number of parties contesting the election: 58*
*12 parties formed three separate coalitions, resulting in 47 electoral lists in all.

Number of parties winning seats: 7

Alternation of power: No

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 5 October 2015

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Abadula Gemeda Dego (Oromo People's Democratic Organization, OPDO, which is a part of the EPRDF)
Voter turnout
Round no 124 May 2015
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
34'351'444 (93.22%)

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF)
Somali Peoples Democratic Party (SPDP)
Benishengul Gumuz Peoples Democratic party (BGPDP)
Afar National Democratic Party (ANDP)
Gambella Peoples Unity Democratic Movement (GPUDM)
Harrari National League (HNL)
Argoba People's Democratic Organization (APDO)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total
Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) 501
Somali Peoples Democratic Party (SPDP) 24
Benishengul Gumuz Peoples Democratic party (BGPDP) 9
Afar National Democratic Party (ANDP) 8
Gambella Peoples Unity Democratic Movement (GPUDM) 3
Harrari National League (HNL) 1
Argoba People's Democratic Organization (APDO) 1
Distribution of seats according to sex
Percent of women
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Note on the Distribution of seats:
The Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) comprises four parties: the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), the Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM), the Oromo People's Democratic Organization (OPDO) and the South Ethiopia People's Democratic Movement. (source: http://www.eprdf.org.et/)

House of Peoples' Representatives (01.07.2015, 02.10.2015, 06.10.2015)

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