|Structure of parliament
||The Liberian Senate
|Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments)
House of Representatives
||29 September 1986
Last amended: 17 September 2014
|Mode of designation
||directly elected 30
||15 multi member constituencies (two seats each) corresponding to counties.
The two candidates who obtain the highest and second highest numbers of valid votes cast are elected.*
*Candidates who obtained the second highest number of valid votes cast in the 2005 elections served a six year term, instead of a nine-year term. All senators elected after the 2011 elections will serve a nine-year term.
By-elections are held within 90 days to fill seats which become vacant between general elections, except in the last 90 days before a general election.
||- Liberian citizenship;
- Age: at least 18 years old at the end of the registration period;
- Registration on a voting roll;
- Residence in the country during voter registration and on polling day;
- Disqualifications: mental illness, court-declared incompetency.
||- Liberian citizenship by origin;
- Age: at least 30 years old.
||(1) Membership of a political party, one of whose members is, at the time of the election, the President or a member of the legislature;
(2) Membership of a political party which, or status as an individual candidate who, in the most recent elections, obtained at least 2% of the total of all valid votes cast for all candidates in the constituencies in which the party or candidate ran. Parties which or candidates who fail to reach the 2% threshold are not allowed to contest the next two elections.
- The list of candidates presented by a political party must include a candidate for at least half of all the constituencies in the election.
- A political party or coalition should endeavor to ensure that no less than 30% of the members of its governing body and no less than 30% of those on its candidate list for an election are from each gender.