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Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Last elections module

A historical Archive of past election results for this chamber can be found on a separate page

Parliament name (generic / translated) Parlimen / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Dewan Rakyat / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Dewan Negara / Senate
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 5 May 2013
Purpose of elections The National Front (BN) - a 13-party ruling coalition comprising Prime Minister Najib Razak’s United Malays National Organization (UMNO) - took 133 seats in the 222-member House of Representatives, down from 140 seats in 2008 and 199 in 2004. The Prime Minister promised to continue his economic policies.

The three-party opposition coalition Pakatan Rakyat (People’s Alliance, see note), led by former Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim took the remainder, pledging to end corruption. It won a majority of popular votes, with 51%, reportedly drawing strong support from the Chinese community in urban areas. Mr. Anwar accused the BN of electoral fraud, an accusation denied by the government.

On 6 May, Mr. Najib was sworn in as Prime Minister by King Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah and subsequently named a 57-member Cabinet, one of the world’s largest.

The Pakatan Rakyat (People’s Alliance) comprised the Democratic Action Party (DAP), the People's Justice Party (PKR) and the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS).
Date of previous elections: 8 March 2008

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 3 April 2013

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry*
*The term of the members in the outgoing legislature expired on 30 April.
Although the previous elections were held in March 2008, the new elections needed to be called by 2 June 2013 (within 60 days from 3 April).

Expected date of next elections: May 2018

Number of seats at stake: 222 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 579 (523 men, 56 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 9.7%

Number of parties contesting the election: 4 (one coalition and three parties)

Number of parties winning seats: 4

Alternation of power: No

Number of parties in government: 1 coalition comprising 13 parties

Names of parties in government: National Front (BN)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 24 June 2013

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Tan Sri Pandikar Amin Haji Mulia (National Front, BN)
Voter turnout
Round no 15 May 2013
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
11'257'147 (84.84%)

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
National Front (BN)
Democratic Action Party (DAP)
People's Justice Party (PKR)
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total
National Front (BN) 133
Democratic Action Party (DAP) 38
People's Justice Party (PKR) 30
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) 21
Distribution of seats according to sex
Percent of women
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
House of Representatives (06.06.2013)

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