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MALAYSIA
Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives)
LAST ELECTIONS

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Last elections module

A historical Archive of past election results for this chamber can be found on a separate page

Parliament name (generic / translated) Parlimen / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Dewan Rakyat / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Dewan Negara / Senate
BACKGROUND
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 5 May 2013
Purpose of elections The National Front (BN) - a 13-party ruling coalition comprising Prime Minister Najib Razak’s United Malays National Organization (UMNO) - took 133 seats in the 222-member House of Representatives, down from 140 seats in 2008 and 199 in 2004. The Prime Minister promised to continue his economic policies.

The three-party opposition coalition Pakatan Rakyat (People’s Alliance, see note), led by former Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim took the remainder, pledging to end corruption. It won a majority of popular votes, with 51%, reportedly drawing strong support from the Chinese community in urban areas. Mr. Anwar accused the BN of electoral fraud, an accusation denied by the government.

On 6 May, Mr. Najib was sworn in as Prime Minister by King Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah and subsequently named a 57-member Cabinet, one of the world’s largest.

Note:
The Pakatan Rakyat (People’s Alliance) comprised the Democratic Action Party (DAP), the People's Justice Party (PKR) and the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS).
Date of previous elections: 8 March 2008

Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature: 3 April 2013

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry*
*The term of the members in the outgoing legislature expired on 30 April.
Although the previous elections were held in March 2008, the new elections needed to be called by 2 June 2013 (within 60 days from 3 April).

Expected date of next elections: May 2018

Number of seats at stake: 222 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 579 (523 men, 56 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 9.7%

Number of parties contesting the election: 4 (one coalition and three parties)

Number of parties winning seats: 4

Alternation of power: No

Number of parties in government: 1 coalition comprising 13 parties

Names of parties in government: National Front (BN)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 24 June 2013

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Tan Sri Pandikar Amin Haji Mulia (National Front, BN)
STATISTICS
Voter turnout
Round no 15 May 2013
Number of registered electors
Voters
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
13'268'002
11'257'147 (84.84%)

Notes
Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
National Front (BN)
Democratic Action Party (DAP)
People's Justice Party (PKR)
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total
National Front (BN) 133
Democratic Action Party (DAP) 38
People's Justice Party (PKR) 30
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) 21
Distribution of seats according to sex
Men
Women
Percent of women
199
23
10.36%
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Comments
Sources:
House of Representatives (06.06.2013)
http://resultpru13.spr.gov.my/

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