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Ulsiin Ih Hural (State Great Hural)

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Parliament name (generic / translated) Ulsiin Ih Hural / State Great Hural
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 29 June 2016
Purpose of elections The Mongolian People's Party (MPP) has governed the country for 18 of the 26 years since Mongolia's democratic revolution in 1990. The MPP regained power in 2016 after four years in opposition. The First Past The Post system was applied for the first time in these elections (see note). The MPP, led by former Prime Minister Miyegombo Enkhbold, won 65 seats (or 86 per cent) of the 76-member State Great Hural and garnered 45 per cent the vote. The ruling Democrat Party (DP) won nine seats and 33 per cent of the vote. Prominent DP members lost their seats, including Prime Minister Chimed Saikhanbileg and Speaker and DP leader, Mr. Zandaakhuu Enkhbold. During election campaigning, the major parties focused on economic development: growth had dropped from a record 17.5 per cent in 2011 to 3 per cent in 2015.

On 5 July, President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj (DP) opened the new State Great Hural. MPP Chairman Miyegombo Enkhbold was elected as the new Speaker. On 8 July, the State Great Hural approved Mr. Jargaltulga Erdenebat (MPP) as Prime Minister.

The 2016 elections were initially to be held under the mixed system, which had been applied for the first time in 2012. On 25 December 2015, parliament therefore adopted a new electoral law, which retained the mixed system. However, on 21 April 2016, the Supreme Court invalidated the proportional representation element of the mixed electoral system: the court held that that element of the system did not comply with the constitutional requirement for elections to be direct. On 5 May, parliament adopted amendments to the 2015 electoral law with the support of the two major parties. The 2016 amendments introduced 76 single-member constituencies. The 30 per cent quota for women in the 2015 electoral law was reduced to 20 per cent, which was the percentage that was applied in the 2012 elections.
Date of previous elections: 28 June 2012

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: June 2020

Number of seats at stake: 76 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 498 (369 men, 129 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 25.9%

Number of parties contesting the election: 12

Number of parties winning seats: 3

Alternation of power: Yes

Number of parties in government: 1

Names of parties in government: Mongolian People's Party (MPP)

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 5 July 2016

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Enkhbold Miyegombo (Mongolian People's Party, MPP)
Voter turnout
Round no 129 June 2016
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes
1'406'123 (73.58%)

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political Group Candidates Votes %
Mongolian People's Party (MPP)
Democratic Party (DP)
Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total
Mongolian People's Party (MPP) 65
Democratic Party (DP) 9
Independents 1
Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) 1
Distribution of seats according to sex
Percent of women
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
State Great Hural (20.07.2016, 16.12.2016)

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