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Eerste Kamer der Staten-Generaal (Senate)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Presidency module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Staten-Generaal / States General
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Eerste Kamer der Staten-Generaal / Senate
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Tweede Kamer der Staten-Generaal / House of Representatives
Title President of the Senate
Term - duration: 4 years (term of House)
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, lost of confidence of the majority, dissolution of the Chamber, death
Appointment - elected by all the Members of the Chamber during the first meeting of the newly elected House
- after at least 38 Members' mandates are validated and Members are sworn in
Eligibility any Member may be a candidate
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot
- if nobody obtains an absolute majority in the second ballot, a 3rd ballot shall be held between the 2 candidates who obtained the largest number of votes
Procedures / results - the Speaker pro tempore presides over the Chamber during the voting
- a special committee of 4 Members supervises the voting
- the Speaker pro tempore announces the results without any delay
- the results cannot be challenged
Status - ranks second in the hierarchy of State after the Head of State (the Queen)
- takes precedence over the Speaker of the Second Chamber
- represents the Chamber with the public authorities
- takes part in regular meetings with others Speakers of Parliaments of the European Union or of the Council of Europe
- in the absence of the Speaker, one of the two Deputy-Speakers can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the College van Senioren is regulated by the Standing Orders of the House
- consists of the leaders of the political factions represented in the House, including the two Deputy Speakers - term is normally 4 years
- meets once a week
- is an advisory body, not a collegiate presidency
Material facilities - special allowance
- official car with a driver
- secretariat
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- sets the agenda of the House and consults the College of Senioren
- organizes the debates and is allowed to set speaking time
- delegates the examination of bills to one or more of the standing committees
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- can make announcements concerning the Chamber
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities, on advice of the Chamber
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the adopted texts and the records of debates, together with the Clerk
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Chamber according to precedents
- proposes to the House to give the floor outside the agenda
Special powers The Committee of Interior Affairs (whose chairman is the Speaker):
- is responsible for establishing the budget
- recruits, assigns and promotes staff
- appoints the Clerk
- delegates the management to the Clerk
- represents the House abroad
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - can take the floor in legislative debates, but in leaving his/her chair
- takes part in voting, as a Member of the House
- intervenes in the parliamentary oversight procedure
- is advisor to the Queen on Her request - is used to be consulted on the occasion of the formation of a new cabinet after a cabinet-crisis or after general elections

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