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National Parliament


Parliament name National Parliament
More photos  >>>
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Affiliation to the IPU Yes
Affiliation date(s) 1985 -
President Job Pomat (M) 
Notes Elected on 2 Aug. 2017.
Secretary General Kala Aufa (a.i.) (M) 
Members (statutory / current number) 111 / 106

More statistics  >>>
Women (current number) 0 (0.00%)
Mode of designation directly elected 111
Term 5 years
Last renewal dates 24 June 2017
8 July 2017 (View details)
Address National Parliament
Parliament House
Post Office - WAIGANI
Port Moresby, NCD
(Export mailing lists)
Phone (675) 327 74 00
327 73 36
327 77 63
Fax (675) 327 74 80
327 74 81
E-mail info@parliament.gov.pg


Parliament name National Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral law 1 January 1997
Last updated: 05.10.2006
Mode of designation directly elected 111
Constituencies 111 single-member constituencies (22 provincial and 89 local).
Voting system Majority: Limited preferential voting system (only the first three preferences marked by a voter are counted).
Each voter makes a choice of three candidates by indicating his/her preferences referred to as 1, 2 and 3 on the ballot paper ("1" being the voter's most preferred candidate). The vote is first attributed to the candidate with the number "1", so that should that candidate win an absolute majority (50 per cent of the valid votes plus one of the vote remaining), he or she is declared elected.
If no candidate wins an absolute majority, the vote distribution continues after eliminating the candidate with the lowest tally. The second-choice or third-choice candidates are then distributed as marked to remaining candidates. This process continues until one candidate receives 50 per cent plus one of the votes remaining, and is declared elected.
Vacancies arising between general elections are filled through by-elections.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Papua New Guinean citizenship
- residence within constituency for more than six months
- disqualifications: allegiance to a foreign State, insanity
Eligibility - qualified electors
- age: 25 years
- Papua New Guinean citizenship
- birth or residence (for the immediately preceding two years or for a period of five years at any time) in the constituency
- ineligibility: death sentence, imprisonment for a period exceeding nine months, conviction of electoral offence in the preceding three years, dismissal from office under the Leadership Code in the preceding three years
Incompatibilities - Governor-General
Candidacy requirements - deposit of 1,000 kina, reimbursed if the candidate polls at least 1/3 of the votes obtained by the winning candidate of the constituency concerned


Parliament name National Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) (from/to)24 June 2017
8 July 2017
Timing and scope of renewal As in previous elections, no party won an outright majority in the 111-member National Parliament. Prime Minister Peter O'Neill's People's National Congress Party (PNC) remained the largest party. The National Alliance, led by Mr. Patrick Pruaitch, came in second, thereby becoming the largest opposition party in the new legislature. No women made it to parliament despite an increase in the number of female candidates: 167, up from 135 in 2012. On 2 August, the newly elected Parliament re-elected Mr. O'Neill (PNC) as Prime Minister.

During the election campaign, many parties focused on the economy. The country's rich natural resources have been hit by falling global commodity prices. Opponents of the Prime Minister criticized the Government for high levels of unemployment, crime and poverty.
Date of previous elections: 23 June - 17 July 2012

Timing of election: Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: June 2022

Number of seats at stake: 111 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 3,332 (3,165 men, 167 women)

Percentage of women candidates: 5%

Number of parties contesting the election: 44

Number of parties winning seats: 21

Alternation of power: No

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 2 August 2017

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Job Pomat (People's National Congress Party, PNC)
Voter turnout
Round no 1 (from/to)24 June 2017
8 July 2017
Number of registered electors
Blank or invalid ballot papers
Valid votes

Distribution of votes
Round no 1
Political group Candidates Votes % of votes
People's National Congress Party (PNC)
National Alliance (NA)
Pangu Paty (PANGU)
United Resources Party (URP)
PNG Party (PNGP)
People's Progressive Party (PPP)
Social Democratic Party (SDP)
Triumph Heritage Empowerment (THE)
PNG National Party (PNGNP)
PNG Country Party (PNGCP)
United Party (UP)
People's Democratic Movement (PDM)
People's Labour Party (PLP)
Our Development Party (ODP)
Melanesian Alliance Party (MAP)
Melanesian Progressive Party (MPP)
Christian Democratic Party (CDP)
Distribution of seats
Round no 1
Political Group Total of seats
People's National Congress Party (PNC) 25
National Alliance (NA) 15
Independents 12
Pangu Paty (PANGU) 10
United Resources Party (URP) 8
PNG Party (PNGP) 6
People's Progressive Party (PPP) 6
Social Democratic Party (SDP) 3
Triumph Heritage Empowerment (THE) 3
PNG National Party (PNGNP) 3
PNG Country Party (PNGCP) 1
United Party (UP) 1
People's Democratic Movement (PDM) 1
People's Labour Party (PLP) 1
Our Development Party (ODP) 1
Melanesian Alliance Party (MAP) 1
Melanesian Progressive Party (MPP) 1
Christian Democratic Party (CDP) 1
Distribution of seats according to sex


Percent of women


Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Unofficial results. There are five vacant seats.

Parliament (01.08.2017, 03.08.2017)


Parliament name National Parliament
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title Speaker of the National Parliament
Term - duration: 5 years (term of House)
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death, dissolution
Appointment - elected by all the Members of the Parliament
- the election is held at the first sitting of the newly elected Parliament or when a vacancy occurs
- after Members are sworn in and after validation of mandates
Eligibility - any Member of the Parliament can be a candidate
- candidatures must be submitted by a third party who is himself a Member of the Parliament
- once submitted, candidatures must be supported by another Member of the Parliament
Voting system - if only one candidature is submitted : the candidate is elected without a vote or debate
- if two candidatures are submitted : a vote by secret ballot is held. The candidate who obtain the majority is elected
- if more than two candidatures are submitted : a vote by secret ballot is held. The candidates who obtain the majority is elected. In the event of a tie, the candidate having obtained the least votes is eliminated and a new round of voting is held
Procedures / results - the Clerk presides over the Parliament during the voting
- the Clerk supervises the voting
- the Clerk announces the results without any delay
Status - in the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker can assume his/her role and functions
Board - consists of the Speaker, one Deputy Speaker and four assistants
Material facilities NA (no information received)
Organization of parliamentary business - establishes and modifies the agenda, in the framework of the Standing Orders
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings, in the framework of the Standing Orders
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the Parliament
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up and selects which amendments are to be debated
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- checks the quorum
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Parliament

Special powers - is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Parliament
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes part in voting, only in the event of a tie

This page was last updated on 21 October 2020
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