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Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan (House of Representatives)

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Parliament name (generic / translated) Kongreso / Congress
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan / House of Representatives
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Senado / Senate
Dates of election / renewal (from/to) 9 May 2016
Purpose of elections The Liberal Party (LP), led by outgoing President Benigno Aquino III, remained the largest party in the 297-member House of Representatives and reinforced its position in the 24-member Senate. The Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC) and the National Unity Party (NUP), which had supported Mr. Aquino's bid for the presidency in 2013, came a distant second and third in the House of Representatives. During the election campaign, the major parties focused on economic reform, infrastructure and measures to tackle corruption and crime. Some parties also drew attention to territorial disputes with China in the South China Sea.

In the presidential elections, Mr. Rodrigo Duterte (Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Laban, PDP-Laban) was elected in the first round, defeating amongst others the candidate backed by President Aquino, Mr. Mar Roxas (LP). Mr. Duterte proposed to adopt a federal form of government and to re-introduce the death penalty. In the vice-presidential elections (the President and the Vice President are elected separately in the Philippines), Ms. Leni Robredo (LP) defeated Senator Ferdinand Marcos Jr. (Nationalist Party, NP), the son of former President Ferdinand Marcos.

Following the general elections, some 80 LP members announced their support for President Duterte's administration. The Lakas Christian-Muslim Democrats (Lakas-CMD), led by former President Gloria Arroyo, and the NUP formed an alliance to support the new President. On 30 June, Mr. Duterte was sworn in as the new President.
Date of previous elections: 13 May 2013

Timing of election:Upon normal expiry

Expected date of next elections: May 2019

Number of seats at stake: 297 (full renewal)

Number of candidates: 672 (518 men, 154 women)*
*Candidates under the majority system.

Percentage of women candidates: 22.9%

Number of parties contesting the election: 25*
*25 parties under the majority system. In addition, 115 parties ran under the party list system.

Alternation of power: Yes

Date of the first session of the new parliament: 25 July 2016*
*The fourth Monday of July.

Name of the new Speaker: Mr. Pantaleon D. Alvarez (Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Laban, PDP-Laban)
Voter turnout
Distribution of votes
Distribution of seats
Distribution of seats according to sex
Percent of women
Distribution of seats according to age
Distribution of seats according to profession
Note on the composition of the House of Representatives:
As at 13 March 2017, the House of Representatives comprises a total of 292 members, including 235 District Representatives and 57 Party-list Representatives, grouped as follows.
- Majority: 266 Members
- Minority: 18 Members
- Independent Minority: 7 Members
- Others: 1 Member
The distribution of seats according to political parties was not available from the House of Representatives.

House of Representatives (04.07.2016, 08.08.2016, 01.01.2017, 13.03.2017)

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