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Sobranie (Assembly of the Republic)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Presidency module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Sobranie / Assembly of the Republic
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Title President of the Assembly of the Republic
Term - duration: 4 years (term of House);
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, death, dissolution of Parliament
Appointment - elected by all MPs
- election is held at the first constitutive session of the Assembly
- election is held after Members' mandates have been validated
Eligibility - any MP may be candidate
- formal notification of candidatures have to be submitted by the Assembly Commission for Issues on Elections and Appointments or by at least 20 MPs
- candidatures are proposed at the first sitting of the new Assembly

Voting system - formal vote by public ballot (by show of hands) or secret ballot if the Assembly so decides
- a majority of votes cast of the MPs present is required in the first round
- if no candidate obtains the required majority in the first round, several rounds are held; the second and subsequent rounds are held between the two candidates having obtained the largest number of votes
Procedures / results - the oldest MP presides over the Assembly during the voting
- all MPs supervise the voting
- the oldest MP announces the results without any delay
- the results are confirmed by the Assembly
- the results can be challenged if the vote has been public and if one MP, with the support of 10 other MPs, requests a verification
Status - ranks second in the hierarchy of State after the President of the Republic and he is called upon as acting Head of State in the event of a vacancy
- represents the Assembly with the public authorities
- represents the Assembly in international bodies
- is ex officio member of the Council of Inter-Ethnic Relations
- in the absence of the President of the Assembly, one of the Vice-Presidents can assume his/her role and functions
Material facilities - same salary as the President of the Republic and the Prime Minister
- official car
- body guards
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- proposes the agenda which can be altered at the request of MPs and Government
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time, with the agreement of MPs
- refers texts to a committee for study
- may propose to set up committees of enquiry, but the Assembly will take the final decision
The MPs examine the admissibility of bills and amendments
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the adopted texts and the records of debates
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Assembly together with the Vice-Presidents
Special powers - is responsible for establishing the Assembly's budget
- recruits, assigns and promotes staff together with the Secretary General
- plays a specific role in the appointment of the Secretary General
- organizes the services of Parliament together with the Vice-Presidents
- is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the security service in the event of disturbance in the Chamber
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - is responsible for relations with foreign Parliaments
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the security service in the event of disturbance in the Chamber

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