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House of the People (House of the People)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Electoral system module

Parliament name Federal Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name House of the People
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Upper House
Electoral Law 1 August 2012
Last updated: 12 April 2016 (Decision of the National Leadership Forum)
Mode of designation indirectly elected 275
Constituencies N/A
Voting system : A total of 135 traditional elders select 14,025 members (51 members for each of the 275 members of the House of the People) to Electoral Colleges in consultation with their relevant and respective elders (Nabadoono). The Electoral Colleges then elect 275 members to the House of the People. The election for each seat is only valid when it is contested by at least two candidates.

Thirty per cent of the elected members of the House of the People must be women. Each of the four main clans (Hawiye, Darod, Dir, and Rahaweyn) should have 18 elected women members while “others” (the fifth clan in the so-called 4.5 formula) should have 9 women members all together.
Voting takes place in the capital or seat of government of each federal member state. The Presidents of the federal member states sign the list of official members of the House of the People for their respective states after state-level electoral implementation teams have forwarded the certified final results.

If a member of the House of the People loses their membership, the runner-up in the last election shall take up the position.
Voter requirements Members of the Electoral College.
Each Electoral College includes a minimum of 30 per cent women.
Eligibility - Citizenship of Somalia
- Aged between 25 and 75 years old
- Persons having completed a secondary school education
- Persons respecting Islamic values
- Persons having relevant experience

- Persons having a criminal record
- Persons declared diagnosed with a mental illness
Incompatibilities Members of the Upper House
Candidacy requirements - Payment of a candidacy fee of USD 5,000. The fee for women candidates is reduced by 50 per cent.

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