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Assemblée de l'Union (Assembly of the Union)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Electoral system module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Assemblée de l'Union / Assembly of the Union
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral Law 16 October 2005
Last modified on 19 September 2009 (Ordinance No. 09-006/PR)
Mode of designation directly elected 24
indirectly elected 9
Constituencies - 24 single-seat constituencies.
- The remaining nine members are indirectly elected by the assemblies of the three islands (three each).
Voting system Majority:
Majority vote in two rounds (for the 24 directly elected members). In the first round, candidates who obtain an absolute majority are declared elected. In the run-off elections, a simple majority suffices.
Vacancies of titular members shall be filled by their substitutes. There are no substitutes for the nine indirectly elected members.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - Comoran nationality
- age: at least 18 years old by 1 January of the election year
- registration on the voters' list
- residence in the country for at least six months prior to the elections.
- Persons enjoying civil rights
Eligibility - Qualified voters
- Comoran nationality
- age: at least 18 years old
- residence in Comoros for at least six months prior to the elections.
- Persons deprived of civil rights under the law
- Persons definitively barred from registering on the voters' list due to criminal charges or prison sentences
- Persons temporarily barred from registering unless a certain period passes after the end of the ban (twice more than the period they were barred from registering).
- Auditors general who relinquished their post within the three years prior to elections
- Persons exercising the following profession who relinquished the post within the six months prior to elections: judges, commanders of the armed forces, youth and sports supervisors, primary and secondary school and technical institute supervisors, director of the tax and customs office, labour inspectors, police officers, Comorians serving as civil servants of a foreign country.
Incompatibilities - substitute members of the deputies
- President of the Republic
- members of the government
- members of other advisory organs stipulated in the Constitution
- judges
- municipal councillors
- civil servants of a foreign State
- international civil servants
- employees of the national enterprises
- head of enterprises receiving subsidies from the State
- Chairman and members of the Board of Directors of State-owned companies
Candidacy requirements - deposit of 500,000 Comoran francs (about 1,500 Euros), reimbursable to candidates who obtain at least 10 per cent of the votes.

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