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Lok Sabha (House of the People)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Electoral system module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Sansad / Parliament
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Lok Sabha / House of the People
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Rajya Sabha / Council of States
Electoral Law 17 July 1951
Last amendment: 01/08/1996
Mode of designation directly elected 543
appointed 2
Constituencies 543 single-member constituencies.
Voting system Majority: Direct, simple majority vote.
Vacancies arising between general elections are filled through by-elections within six months for elective seats (unless the remaining term is less than one year) and by nomination by the President for the two appointed seats.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 18 years
- Indian citizenship
- ordinary residence in the constituency where voting takes place
- disqualifications: insanity, conviction and imprisonment sentence of at least two years (within last six years), electoral offence, certain other convictions
Eligibility Qualified electors
- age: 25 years
- Indian citizenship
- ineligibility: undischarged bankruptcy, allegiance to a foreign State, certain convictions or dismissals
Incompatibilities - members of the armed forces
- certain offices of profit (e.g. public offices, government contractors)
Candidacy requirements - nomination by one qualified elector (party candidates) or 10 such electors (independents)
- deposit of 10,000 rupees (5,000 rupees for candidates of Scheduled Caste or Tribe), reimbursed if the candidate is elected or obtains more than 1/6 of the valid votes cast in the constituency

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