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Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (House of Representatives)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Electoral system module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat / House of Representatives
Structure of parliament Unicameral
Electoral Law 17 December 1969
Last amendment: 11 May 2012 (Law 8/2012)
Mode of designation directly elected 560
Constituencies 33 multi-member constituencies corresponding to the provinces (comprising 3 to 10 seats each).
Voting system Proportional: Proportional system using the open party list.
Voters may cast their ballot for either a political party or a candidate.
In order to win parliamentary representation, parties must surpass the threshold of 3.5 cent of the total votes. Seats are distributed according to the Hare quotient. Any candidate who wins 30 per cent of the divisor (the lowest electoral quotient) is automatically elected.
Vacancies arising between general elections are filled by a person chosen by the former Representative's party.
Voting is not compulsory.
Voter requirements - age: 17 years or married at the time of registration
- Indonesian citizenship
- disqualifications: insanity, ex-members of the prohibited Indonesian Communist Party or affiliated mass organizations, direct or indirect involvement in the attempted Communist coup of 1965, imprisonment or confinement of at least five years' duration, members of the armed forces
Eligibility Qualified electors
- age: 21 years
- Indonesian citizenship
- proficiency in Indonesian language
- graduation from a secondary high school or equivalent knowledge and experience in social and governmental activities
- loyalty to Pancasila as the basic ideology of the State
Incompatibilities - members of the armed forces
- civil servants
Candidacy requirements - Submission of candidates by political parties.
Political parties which contested the previous elections are automatically qualified to endorse candidates while other parties must submit to the scrutiny of the General Election Commission.
- Political parties must ensure that at least 30 per cent of their candidates are women. There should be at least one woman for every three candidates. Political parties that do not meet the requirement are disqualified from submitting their party list in the electoral district where the quota is not met.

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