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Cámara de Senadores (Senate)

Compare data for parliamentary chambers in the Presidency module

Parliament name (generic / translated) Congreso de la Unión / Congress of the Union
Structure of parliament Bicameral
Chamber name (generic / translated) Cámara de Senadores / Senate
Related chamber (for bicameral parliaments) Cámara de Diputados / Chamber of Deputies
Title President of the Senate
Term - duration: 1 year (may not be re-elected to this post for the duration of the session)
- reasons for interruption of the term: resignation, removal for repeated failure to observe the provisions of the Organic Law, death
Appointment - elected by all Senators
- following swearing-in
Eligibility - any Senator may be a candidate
Voting system - formal vote by secret ballot in one round
- a simple majority is required
Procedures / results - the outgoing President presides over the Senate during the voting
- the Governing Board supervises the voting
- the outgoing President announces the results without delay
- the results cannot be challenged
Status - represents the Senate with the authorities
- represents the Senate in international bodies
- the Presidents of the two Chambers hold the same rank in the order of precedence
- the President of the Chamber of Deputies presides over joint sittings
- in the absence of the President, one of the Vice-Presidents can assume his/her role and functions
Board - the Governing Board is regulated by the Standing Orders
- consists of the President and as many Vice-Presidents as there are parliamentary groups, four secretaries and four under-secretaries
- meets at the initiative of the President
- is responsible for advising the President
Material facilities - allowance
+ expense allowance
- official residence
- official car
- secretariat
- bodyguards
Organization of parliamentary business - convenes sessions
- organizes the debates and sets speaking time
- examines the admissibility of bills and amendments
- refers texts to a committee for study
- examines the admissibility of requests for setting up committees and/or committees of enquiry, proposes or decides on the setting-up of such committees
- may appoint committees
Chairing of public sittings - can open, adjourn and close sittings
- ensures respect for provisions of the Constitution and Standing Orders
- makes announcements concerning the Senate
- takes disciplinary measures in the event of disturbance, and lifts such measures
- establishes the list of speakers, gives and withdraws permission to speak
- establishes the order in which amendments are taken up and selects which amendments are to be debated
- calls for a vote, decides how it is to be carried out, verifies the voting procedure and cancels a vote in the event of irregularities
- checks the quorum
- authenticates the texts adopted and the records of debates
- interprets the rules or other regulations governing the life of the Senate
- has discretionary power to give the floor outside the agenda and thus organizes impromptu debates

Special powers - submits the budget established by the Administration Committee to the Senate for approval
- is responsible for safety, and in this capacity, can call the police in the event of disturbance in the Senate
Speaking and voting rights, other functions - takes the floor in legislative debates
- provides guidelines for the interpretation or completion of the text under discussion
- takes part in voting
- proposes bills or amendments
- intervenes in the parliamentary oversight procedure
- ensures the constitutionality of laws
- signs the texts adopted before transmitting them to the Head of State for promulgation

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